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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesThai: Kingkakhaownaam Phuket
English: Phuket Horned Tree Agamid
French: Acanthosaure de Phuket
German: Phuket-Nackenstachler
Dutch: Phuketstekelnekagame 
Acanthosaura armata — BOETTGER 1887: 38
Acanthosaura cf. crucigera — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 90, left
Acanthosaura crucigera — GROSSMANN & TILLACK 2000: 30 ff
Acanthosaura crucigera — PAUWELS et al. 2000: 132–133
Acanthosaura crucigera — PAUWELS et al. 2002: 27
Acanthosaura crucigera — MANTHEY 2008: 24, 25
Acanthosaura cf. crucigera — SUMONTHA et al. 2012: 69
Acanthosaura cf. crucigera — SUMONTHA et al. 2015: 110 
DistributionSW Thailand (Phuket Island)

Type locality: Ban Bangrong (coordinates UTM UPS ca. 47 p0433130 0888891 = 08o02.465N 98o23.588E; altitude ca. 41 m asl), Thalang District, Phuket Island, Phuket Province, southwestern Thailand  
TypesHolotype: THNHM 22542, adult male (formerly Montri Sumontha’s field number MS 560). Collected by Awat Nitikul on 2 June 2008. Paratypes. Five ethanol-preserved whole individuals, one adult male (hemipenes everted) IRSNB 2681 (formerly IRSNB 15141) from Phang-Nga Wildlife Breeding Station, Muang District, Phang-Nga Province, southwestern Thailand, collected by O. S. G. Pauwels on 26 July 1998, and two adult females PSUZC-RT 2012.5 and THNHM 22543 (formerly MS 559 and MS 225 respectively) and two subadult males, PSUZC-RT 2012.6 and QSMI 1166 (formerly MS 558 and MS 557 respectively) from the same locality, collecting date and collector as for the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized species (maximum SVL 123.5 mm) with a single long cylindrical spine above posterior margin of eye; large spine on occiput between tympanum and nuchal crest; tympanum naked, roundish, large; moderately developed gular pouch, black in females; scales on flanks randomly intermixed with medium and large scales; nuchal crest present and strongly developed; 12-17 scales in the diastema between the nuchal and vertebral crests; vertebral crest strongly developed, composed of enlarged, pointed scales beginning at shoulder region and continuing till first 6th of tail while regularly decreasing in size; tail 1.4–1.7 times SVL; black collar present; black eye patch present, extending posteriorly to reach the nuchal crest.
CommentComparisons to other species. See Table 2 in PAUWELS et al. 2015. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an adjective in reference to Phuket Island and Phuket Range, on which the type locality lies. 
  • Kwet, A. 2016. Liste der im Jahr 2015 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • PAUWELS, OLIVIER S. G.; MONTRI SUMONTHA, KIRATI KUNYA, AWAT NITIKUL, PHAMON SAMPHANTHAMIT, PERRY L. WOOD, JR. & LEE L. GRISMER 2015. Acanthosaura phuketensis (Squamata: Agamidae), a new long-horned tree agamid from southwestern Thailand Zootaxa 4020 (3): 473–494 - get paper here
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