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Achalinus spinalis PETERS, 1869

IUCN Red List - Achalinus spinalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXenodermidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies
 
Common NamesPeters' Odd-scaled Snake, Japanese odd-scaled snake 
SynonymAchalinus spinalis PETERS 1869: 436
Ophielaps Braconnieri SAUVAGE 1877
Achalinus spinalis — BOULENGER 1893: 309
Achalinus braconnieri — BOULENGER 1893: 309
Achalinus spinalis — STEJNEGER 1907: 297
Achalinus spinalis weigoldi MELL 1931
Achalinus braconnieri
Achalinus spinalis — SANG et al. 2009
Achalinus spinalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 6 
DistributionN Vietnam,
Japan (Kyushu, Honshu, Ryukyu Islands, Koshiki, Tokuno-shima: Kametoku & Inokawa),
C China (east to Fujian, west to Yunnan and Sichuan; northward to Gansu and Shaanxi; Chekiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Kiangsu, Hupeh), elevation 1230 m.

Type locality: “angeblich aus Japan” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 6449 
CommentType species: Achalinus spinalis PETERS 1869 is the type species of the genus Achalinus PETERS 1869. 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1917. A most regretable tangle of names. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (44): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Inger R F; Zhao E; Bradley Shaffer H; Guanfu Wu 1990. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Sichuan, China. Fieldiana: Zoology (No. 58) : i-iii, 1-24 - get paper here
  • Kawana M; Shibata Y 1988. Two snake records for the Koshiki Islands, Japan (Reptilia: Serpentes) [in Japanese]. BULLETIN OF THE OSAKA MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY (No. 43): 39-41.
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Mori,M. 1982. Japans Schlangen, Vols. 1-3 (80, 102, 123 pp.). Tokyo (Igaku-Shoin Ltd.) [bilingual edition in German and Japanese]
  • Moriguchi H; Naito S 1979. A new locality record of Achalinus spinalis werneri from Tokuno-shima. Japanese Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 36.
  • Ota, H.;Kamezaki, N.;Hikida, T.;Matsui, M.;Mori, A.;Hayashi, T.;Tanabe, S. 1991. Karyotype of Achalinus spinalis from Japan: The first karyological description of a xenodermine snake (Colubridae). Japanese Journal of Herpetology 14: 12-14
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1869. Über neue Gattungen und neue oder weniger bekannte Arten von Amphibien (Eremias, Dicrodon, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Typhlops, Eryx, Rhynchonyx, Elapomorphus, Achalinus, Coronella, Dromicus, Xenopholis, Anoplodipsas, Spilotes, Tropidonotus). Monatsber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 432-447 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yamasaki, Yohei and Yoshihisa Mori 2017. Seasonal Activity Pattern of a Nocturnal Fossorial Snake, Achalinus spinalis (Serpentes: Xenodermidae) Current Herpetology Feb 2017, Vol. 36, No. 1: 28-36. - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
 
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