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Acutotyphlops subocularis (WAITE, 1897)

IUCN Red List - Acutotyphlops subocularis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBismarck sharp-nosed blindsnake 
SynonymTyphlops subocularis WAITE 1897
Typhlops subucularis WERNER 1921: 327 (error typographicus)
Typhlops keasti KINGHORN 1948
Ramphotyphlops keasti - ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina subocularis - MCDOWELL 1974: 49
Acutotyphlops subocularis - WALLACH 1995
Ramphotyphlops subocularis - WALLACH 1995
Acutotyphlops subocularis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 55
Acutotyphlops subocularis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Acutotyphlops subocularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 8 
DistributionBismarck Archipelago ((Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi), 0–1,065 m elevation).

Type locality: Duke of York Island, ENB. Province Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMS 2202 
CommentDistribution: Range has been restricted due to exclusion of several species like Acutotyphlops solomonis.

Synonymy: The genera Martinwellstyphlops HOSER 2012 and Swileytyphlops HOSER 2012 have been rejected and synonymized with Acutotyphlops by KAISER et al. 2013. 
References
  • Clegg, Jonathan R. and Merlijn Jocque 2015. The Collection of Snakes Made by Benoît Mys and Jan Swerts in Northern Papua New Guinea in 1982–85 Journal of Herpetology Sep 2016, Vol. 50, No. 3: 476-485. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the extant scolecophidians (“blindsnakes”) including the formal naming and diagnosis of new tribes, genera, subgenera, species and subspecies for divergent taxa. Australasian J. Herpetol. 15: 1–64. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1948. A new species of Typhlops from New Britain. Rec. Austral. Mus. 22 (1) 67 - 69 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679
  • Waite, E. R. 1897. A new blind snake from the Duke of York Island. Rec. Austral. Mus. 3 (3): 69-70 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1995. A new genus for the Rhamphotyphlops subocularis species group (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), with description of a new species. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 132-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Brown, R.M.; Diesmos, A.C. & Gee, G.V.A. 2007. An Enigmatic New Species of Blind Snake from Luzon Island, Northern Philippines, with A Synopsis of The Genus Acutotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology 41 (4): 690-702 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1921. Synopsis der Schlangenfamilie der Typhlopiden auf Grund des Boulenger'schen Schlangenkatalogs (1893-1896). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 87A: 266-330
 
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