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Adelphicos quadrivirgatum JAN, 1862

IUCN Red List - Adelphicos quadrivirgatum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAdelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum TAYLOR 1950
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum quadrivirgatum JAN 1862 
Common NamesMiddle American Burrowing Snake 
SynonymAdelphicos quadrivirgatus JAN 1862
Adelphicus quadrivirgatum — JAN 1865
Adelphicus quadrivirgatum acutirostrum BOCOURT 1883: 555
Adelphicus [sic] quadrivirgatus - COPE 1877
Adelphicos quadrivirgatus — LINER 1994
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum — MACCRANIE & CASTAÑEDA 2005
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum — TOWNSEND et al. 2012
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 9
Adelphicos quadrivirgatus — HEIMES 2016: 204

Adelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum TAYLOR 1950
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum — TERÁN-JUÁREZ et al 2016
Adelphicos newmanorum — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2016 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Yucatan, Puebla, Tamaulipas, Quéretaro, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras; elevation (Honduras): 0-1740 m, Nicaragua

newmanorum: Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon

Type locality: Mexico Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MSNM (Milan Museum) 
CommentSynonymy: Heimes 2016 lists Adelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum as synonym of Adelphicos q. quadrivirgatum JAN 1862.

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Subspecies: Adelphicos quadrivirgatum visoninum (COPE 1866) is now considered a valid species.

Type species: Adelphicos quadrivirgatus JAN 1862 is the type species of the genus Adelphicos JAN 1862.

Nomenclature: Jan obviously treated Adelphicosas a noun in the nominative singular when he proposed it, and he considered it neuter because of his use of the spelling quadrivirgatum for the name of the specific epithet. But in conformation with ICZN rules (1985, Art. 32g), the original spelling is not incorrect and therefore cannot be changed, and since gender is not inherent in the original spelling itself, Jan's (1862) treatment of it as neuter has to be accepted as establishment of gender; thus A.quadrivirgatum is the correct spelling of Jan's name, and Cope's Adelphicus is an unjustified emendation and junior objective synonym of Adelphicos (ICZN, 1985, Art. 33b [iii]) [LaDuc 1985]. 
EtymologyThe Greek word "adelphikos" is an adverb ("brotherly," Brown, 1956: 69), and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1985, Art. 11g) requires that generic names be nouns or treated as nouns.
The specific epithet comes from the Latin words quadri- and virga, meaning "four stripes." Adelphicos is neuter, therefore quadrivirgatum is the correct epithet (LaDuc, 1995). 
References
  • Alvarez DEL TORO, M. 1982. Los Reptiles de Chiapas. 3rd ed. México: Tuxtla Gutiérrez, 248 pp.
  • Campbell J A; Ford L S 1982. Phylogenetic relationships of the colubrid snakes of the genus Adelphicos in the highlands of Middle America. OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS (No. 100): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Canseco-Marquez,L.; Gutierrez-Mayen,G. & Salazar-Arenas,J. 2000. New records and range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Puebla, México. Herpetological Review 31 (4): 259-263 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1866. Fourth contribution lo the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 123-132 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. Catalogue of batrachians and reptiles of Central America and México. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 32: 1-98 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2016. Adelphicos quadrivirgatum. Reproduction. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1014–1015 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • GUTIÉRREZ MAYÉN, MA. GUADALUPE Y JORGE SALAZAR ARENAS 2007. HERPETOFAUNA DE LOS MUNICIPIOS DE CAMOCUAUTLA, ZAPOTITLÁN DE MÉNDEZ Y HUITZILAN DE SERDÁN, DE LA SIERRA NORTE DE PUEBLA. HERPETOFAUNA DE TRES MUNICIPIOS DE LA SIERRA NORTE DE PUEBLA, pp.197-223
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • LaDuc,T.J. 1995. The nomenclatural status and gender of Adelphicos. Journal of Herpetology 29 (1): 141-142 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Livezey, R. L.;Peckham, R. S. 1953. Some snakes from San Marcos, Guatemala. Herpetologica 8: 175-177 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCOY, C. J., CENSKY, E. J., & VAN DE VENDER, R. R. 1986. Distribution records for amphibians and reptiles in Belize, Central America. Herpetological Review 17:28-29. - get paper here
  • McCoy, Clarence J. 1966. Additions to the herpetofauna of southern El Petén, Guatemala. Herpetologica 22 (4): 306-308 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Rojas-González, Ramon Isaac, and Joan Gastón Zamora-Abrego. 2016. First record of snake predation in Xenosaurid lizards: Xenosaurus platyceps feeding on Adelphicos quadrivirgatum. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1013–1014 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, A. & Hallermann, J. 1997. The Type Specimens in the Herpetological Collection of the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A (553): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.; Chiszar, D. & Mancilla Moreno, M. 2001. Nomenclature of the Earth Snake (Adelphicos) of the A. quadrivirgatus complex. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 37 (2): 39-41
  • Smith,H.M. 1942. A review of the snake genus Adelphicos. Proc. Rochester Acad. Sci. 8: 175-195
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, J.; Townsend, J.H.; Wilson, L.D.; Travers, S.L.; Obando, A.; Páiz, G.; Griffith, D.M. & Köhler, G. 2009. Three new country records or reptiles from Nicaragua. Salamandra 45 (3): 186-190 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, J.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the cloud forests of Honduras. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 3 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
 
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