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Adolfus alleni (BARBOUR, 1914)

IUCN Red List - Adolfus alleni - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAlpine Meadow Lizard 
SynonymAlgiroides alleni BARBOUR 1914
Algiroides alleni — LOVERIDGE 1923: 952
Adolfus alleni — SPAWLS & ROTICH 1997
Adolfus alleni — KÖHLER et al. 2004
Adolfus alleni — GREENBAUM et al. 2011
Adolfus alleni — SPAWLS et al 2018: 182 
DistributionKenya, Uganda

In altitudes (elevations) about 2700 m in several mountains of Uganda (Mount Elgon) and Kenya (Cherangani Hills, Mount Kenia, Aberdare Mountains)

Type locality: “near the tree limit, north- east slope of Mt. Kenia [= Mt. Kenya]”, Kenya  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-9280 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is unique by the following combi- nation of characters: medium size (SVL 54.3–62.8 mm), low number of temporal scales (5–10), low number of scales around midbody (18–23), and a vertebral stripe often including the occipital scale (for a detailed differencial diagnosis see A. masavaensis). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Glover Morrill AlIen (1879-1942) American collector, curator, mammalogist, ornithologist, scientist, teacher, Curator of Mammals (1925- 1938) at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, Professor of Zoology (1938-1942), and President of the American Society of Mammalogists (1927-1929), among many other positions. 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Barbour, T. 1914. Some new reptiles. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 95-98. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • GREENBAUM, ELI; CESAR O. VILLANUEVA, CHIFUNDERA KUSAMBA, MWENEBATU M. ARISTOTE and WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2011. A molecular phylogeny of Equatorial African Lacertidae, with the description of a new genus and species from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 913–942
  • Köhler, J., P. Wagner, S. Visser & W. Böhme 2003. New country records of Adolfus africanus (Sauria: Lacertidae) – a rain forest lizard with disjunct distribution? Salamandra 39 (3-4): 241-248 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923 with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 935-969 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagner, P., E. Greenbaum, P. Malonza & B. Branch 2014. Resolving sky island speciation in populations of East African Adolfus alleni (Sauria, Lacertidae). Salamandra 50 (1): 1-17 - get paper here
 
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