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Afrotyphlops angolensis (BOCAGE, 1866)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAngola blind snake 
SynonymOnychocephalus angolensis BOCAGE 1866: 46, 65
Typhlops (Onychocephalus) congicus BOETTGER 1887: 650
Typhlops congicus — BOULENGER 1893: 40
Typhlops adolfi STERNFELD 1910: 70
Typhlops dubius CHABANAUD 1916: 364
Typhlops intermedius — SCHMIDT 1923: 47 (part. ? fide BROADLEY)
Typhlops tornieri STERNFELD — SCHMIDT 1923: 50 (fide BROADLEY)
Typhlops lestradei WITTE 1933
Typhlops blanfordi lestradei - LOVERIDGE 1942: 254
Typhlops ochraceus LAURENT 1952
Typhlops angolensis adolfi - LAURENT 1956: 55
Typhlops angolensis angolensis - LAURENT 1956: 349
Typhlops angolensis dubius - LAURENT 1956: 367
Typhlops angolensis irsaci LAURENT 1956: 57
Typhlops angolensis polylepis LAURENT 1956: 56
Typhlops congicus lestradei — LAURENT 1956: 74
Typhlops angolensis symoensi LAURENT 1960
Typhlops angolensis — LAURENT 1964
Typhlops angolensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 90
Rhinotyplops angolensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Afrotyphlops angolensis — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops angolensis — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionAngola, W Cameroon, S Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo, W Kenya, Uganda, N Tanzania, N Zambia

Type locality: Duque de Bragança, Angola Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MB T79.1134 (Museu Bocage) 
CommentSynonymy: Typhlops kaimosae LOVERIDGE 1935 has been considered as a synonym of A. angolensis.

Description in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Angola. 
References
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56
  • Boettger, OSKAR 1887. Diagnoses reptilium novorum ad ilI. viro Paul Hesse in finnibus fluminis Congo repetorum. Zool. Anz. 10 (267): 649-651 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chabanaud,P. 1916. Enumération des Ophidiens non encore étudiés de l'Afrique occidentale, appartenant aux Collections du Muséum avec le description des espèces et des variétés nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris 22: 362-382 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Reptiles et batraciens nouveaux de la région des Grands Lacs africains. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 46: 269-279
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • Laurent,R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Loveridge, A. 1935. Scientific results of an expedition to rain forest regions in Eastern Africa. I. New reptiles and amphibians from East Africa. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 79: 1- 19. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1942. Scientific results of a fourth expedition to forested areas in east and central Africa. IV. Reptiles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 237-373 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1970. Influence de l’altitude sur la variation intraspécific de Typhlops angolensis (Bocage) et de Typhlops lineolatus Jan (Serpentes, Typhlopidae). Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 270 (D): 2185-2187
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1910. Neue Schlangen aus Kamerun, Abessynien und Deutsch-Ostafrika. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 5: 67-70 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Description d'un Typhlops nouveau provenant du Ruanda. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 23 (2): 206-207
 
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