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Afrotyphlops calabresii (GANS & LAURENT, 1965)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Calabresi’s blind-snake 
SynonymTyphlops cuneirostris calabresii GANS & LAURENT 1965: 54
Typhlops cuneirostris calabresi — ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974
Typhlops calabresii — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops calabresii — HEDGES et al. 2014
Madatyphlops calabresii — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Afrotyphlops calabresii — NAGY et al. 2015
Afrotyphlops calabresii — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 345
Typhlops calabresii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 759 
DistributionNW Somalia, adjacent Ethiopia, E Kenya (elevation 200-1065 m)

Type locality: “56 miles from Hargeisa, on Berbera road, Northern Territory, Somali Republic” [= 56 mi. NE Hargesia, Somalia].  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 74465, collected by C.F. Hemming, December 1961; paratypes: MCZ, BMNH 
DiagnosisDescription in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009.

Diagnosis: “A race of T. cuneirostris characterized by 135 to 151 vertebrae and 258 to 230 vertebral scales arranged in 22 (exceptionally 20) rows around the trunk. Eight to 12, mostly 10, dark lines along the back, and a ratio of total length to body width of 18.2 to 31.1. Specimens seem to average slightly larger than those of the nominate subspecies.” (Gans et al. 1965) 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Enrica Calabresi (1891-1944), “author of the earliest modern reviews of the Somali herpetofauna”. Note that Gans & Laurent literally said “Enrico”, so they either thought it’s a man or it’s a typo. Calabresi was Jewish and committed suicide before being deported to Auschwitz. 
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Gans, C.; LAURENT, R.F. & PANDIT, H. 1965. Notes on a herpetological collection from the Somali Republic. Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Centr., Sér. 8vo, Tervuren, (80) Zool., (134): 1-93
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Stephen Spawls; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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