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Afrotyphlops decorosus (BUCHHOLZ & PETERS, 1875)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCameroon gracile blind-snake, Cameroon Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops (Ophthalmidion) decorosus BUCHHOLZ & PETERS in PETERS 1875: 197
Typhlops (Onychocephalus) Buchholzi PETERS 1881: 71
Typhlops buchholzi - BOULENGER 1893: 41
Typhlops buchholzi — WERNER 1899
Typhlops decorosus - BOULENGER 1893: 38
Typhlops buchholzi — WERNER 1913: 21
Typhlops decorosus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 98
Letheobia decorosa — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2000
Letheobia decorosa — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Letheobia decorosa — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Afrotyphlops decorosus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops decorosus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014 
DistributionCameroon, Central African Republic

Type locality: “Cameruns” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8322 (BUCHHOLZ & PETERS 1875).
Holotype: ZMB 8408 (Typhlops (Onychocephalus) Buchholzi PETERS 1881) 
CommentTyphlops buchholzi is listed as valid species in LeBreton 1999.

Description. Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral broad, rounded posteriorly; frontal subhexagonal; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye not visible; nasal suture arising from first labial; SIP X (N2, P, O, O); MSR 24; MD 46–542; vertebrae 285–32; middorsal/vertebrae ratio 1.52–1.69; LD ratio 53–66. Dark pigmentation covers all except 3–5 midventral scale rows. For abbreviations see L. caeca. From BROADLEY & WALLACH 27.

Habitat. Forest-savanna mosaic. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. & Van Wallach 2000. A new blind snake (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from montane forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 49 (2): 165-168 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • LeBreton, Matthew 1999. A working checklist of the herpetofauna of Cameroon. Netherlands Committee for IUCN, 160 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, WILHELM C. H. 1881. Einige herpetologische Mittheilungen. 1. Uebersicht der zu den Familien der Typhlopes und Stenostomi gehörigen Gattungen oder Untergattungen. 2. Ueber eine neue Art von Tachydromus aus dem Amurlande. 3. Ueber die von Herrn Dr. finsch aus Polynesien g Sitzungs-Ber. Gesellsch.Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1881 (4): 69-72.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1875. Über die Hrn. Professor Dr. R. Buchholz in Westafrika gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1875 (März): 196-212 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
 
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