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Afrotyphlops schlegelii (BIANCONI, 1849)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAfrotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii (BIANCONI 1849)
Afrotyphlops schlegelii petersii (BOCAGE 1873) 
Common Namesschlegelii: Schlegel's Beaked Blind Snake, Schlegel's Giant Blind Snake
petersii: Peter's Giant Blind Snake, Schlegel's Beaked Blind Snake, Peter’s phase 
SynonymTyphylops [sic] schlegelii BIANCONI 1849: 106
Typhlops Schlegelii — JAN 1864
Typhlops schlegelii — BOULENGER 1893: 44
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 84
Megatyphlops schlegelii — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Megatyphlops schlegelii — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Afrotyphlops schlegelii — HEDGES et al. 2014
Megatyphlops schlegelii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 431
Megatyphlops schlegelii — KOBER 2015

Afrotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii (BIANCONI 1849)
Typhlops Schlegelii BIANCONI 1849: 106
Onychocephalus schlegelii - PETERS 1860
Typhlops schlegelii schlegelii - LOVERIDGE 1933: 214
Typhlops schlegelii schlegelii — BOYCOTT 1992
Typhlops schlegelii schlegelii — BAUER et al. 1993
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii - ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974: 164
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii — AUERBACH 1987: 145

Afrotyphlops schlegelii petersii (BOCAGE 1873)
Onychocephalus petersii BOCAGE 1873: 248
Typhlops (Onychocephalus) humbo BOCAGE 1886: 171
Typhlops humbo - BOULENGER 1893: 46
Typhlops hottentotus BOCAGE 1893: 117
Typhlops humbo — WERNER 1910: 353
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii petersii - ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974
Rhinotyphlops schlegelii petersii — AUERBACH 1987: 147 
DistributionS Mozambique, Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, S Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, N Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) [CHIFUNDERA 1990]
N Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe

Type locality: “Mozambico” [= Mozambique] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMI, collected by C. Fornasini. 
CommentSubspecific classification according to HAHN 1980.

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii mucruso (PETERS 1854) as well as R. s. brevis are now considered as a full species by most authors.

Description in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884), German herpetologist. 
References
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. Lettera al Dottore Filippo de–Filippi, Professore di Zoologia a Torino sopra alcune nuove specie di rettili del Mozambico. Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 106-109 [1848] - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J.J. 1847. Specimina Zoologica Mosambicana VII. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna : 183 - get paper here
  • Bocage, J. V. BARBOZA DU 1873. Reptiles nouveaux de l'interieur de Mossamedes. Jor. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa 4: 247-253
  • Bocage, J.V.B. du 1886. Typhlopiens nouveaux de la Faune africaine. Jorn. Sci. math. phys. nat., Lisboa, 11:171-174
  • Bocage, J.V.B. du 1893. Diagnoses de quelques nouvelles especes de reptiles et batraciens d‘Angola. J. Sci. math.-phys. nat., Lisboa, 3 (2): 115-121
  • Bogert, Charles M. 1942. Snakes secured by the Snyder East African Expedition in Kenya Colony and Tanganyika Territory. American Museum Novitates (1178): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Bokhout, Ben, Luke Verburgt and Andrew B. Davies. 2015. Afrotyphlops schlegelii Bianconi, 1847, Schlegel's Beaked Blind Snake, Termite Mound Access Behaviour. African Herp News (62): 16-22
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1888. On new or little known South African reptiles. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 136-141 - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chubb, E. C. 1909. List of the Rhodesian Batrachians and Reptiles in the Rhodesian Museum Collection. Ann. Rep. Rhodesia Mus., Bulawayo, 8:34-36
  • Chubb, E. C. 1909. The Batrachians and Reptiles of Matabeleland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1909:590-597 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V. 1966. A check-list, with syntopic keys, to the snakes of southern Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 25 (3): 35-79 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 3. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kober, I. 2015. Weihnachten im Busch. Reptilien und mehr auf Makutsi (Südafrika) Reptilia (Münster) 20 (116): 68-79 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1956. On snakes collected in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan by J.S. Owen, Esq. Sudan Notes Rec. 36: 37-56 [1955]
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1933. Reports on the scientific Results of an Expedition to the Southwestem Highlands of Tanganyika Territory. VII. Herpetology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 74: 197-415 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; Victor D. Wasonga, Vincent Muchai , Damaris Rotich, Beryl A. Bwong; A.M. Bauer 2006. DIVERSITY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF HERPETOFAUNA OF THE TANA RIVER PRIMATE NATIONAL RESERVE, KENYA. Journal of East African Natural History 95(2): 95–109
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Menegon, Michele; Nike Doggart, Nisha Owen 2008. The Nguru mountains of Tanzania, an outstanding hotspot of herpetofaunal diversity. Acta Herpetologica 3 (2): 107-127
  • Parker,H.W. 1936. Dr. Karl Jordan's expedition to South-West Africa and Angola: herpetological collections. Novit. Zool. (London) 40: 115-146
  • Parker,H.W. 1949. The snakes of Somaliland and the Sokotra islands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 6: 1-115 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1912. Rettili ed Amfibi raccolti durante i viaggi di S. A. la Duchessa Elena d’Aosta nella regione dei grandi laghi dell’ Africa equatoriale. Annuario Mus. zool. Univ. Napoli, (2) 3 (25): 1-8
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1860. Über eine neue zu der Gattung Onychocephalus gehörige Wurmschlange, Onychocephalus macrurus, und Vergleich mit den bisher von dieser Gattung bekannt gewordenen Arten. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1860 (Februar): 77-83 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1881. Über das Vorkommen schildförmiger Verbreiterungen der Dornfortsätze bei Schlangen und über neue oder weniger bekannte Arten dieser Abtheilung der Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1881 (3): 49-52 - get paper here
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1974. Révision systématique des Typhlopidae d'Afrique. Reptilia. Serpentes. Mém. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, (sér.A.) 87: 1-313
  • Scortecci, G. 1929. Primo contributo alla conoscenza dei Rettili e degli Anfibi della Somalia italiana. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 68: 245-279
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1893. On some collections of reptiles and batrachians from East Africa and the adjacent islands, recently received from Dr. W. L. Abbott and Mr. William Astor Chanler, with descriptions of new species. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 16: 711-741 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1910. Neue Schlangen aus Kamerun, Abessynien und Deutsch-Ostafrika. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 5: 67-70 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
 
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