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Agama persimilis PARKER, 1942

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names(Somali) Painted Agama 
SynonymAgama persimilis PARKER 1942: 52
Agama persimilis — WERMUTH 1967: 20
Agama persimilis — LANZA 1978: 278
Agama persimilis — LANZA 1990
Agama persimilis — SPAWLS et al. 2006
Agama persimilis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 234 
DistributionSomalia, Ethiopia, E/NE Kenya (Voi, Kitui-Ngomeni area, Wajir Bor and Mandera)

Type locality: 45°50’ E, 8° N, Haud, British Somalia [= north-eastern part of Ogaden, Somali region of Ethiopia]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1937.12.5.64, adult female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A dwarf Agama reaching a total length of about 160 mm, females (SVL 56–64) are larger than males (SVL 43–54). Body strong- ly depressed, hind limbs long. Gular pouch absent. Tail about 65% of the total length, very broad at its base, tapering sharply. Head convex with the upper surface of the snout flat. Head scales on the upper parts moderately large, with the occipital scale enlarged. Nostril, directed upward and back- ward, pierced in the posterior part of a nasal scale above the canthus rostralis. Usually with one scale between the nasal and the first supraciliary scale. Scales of the supraocular region longitudinally elongate, with a dull keel. Nuchal and dorsal crests absent. Ear as large as the eye opening, superficial and completely exposed. Lower and posterior borders of the ear as well as the sides of the neck with tufts of spines, longest spines about half the length of the eye opening. Tufts of spines not encroaching upon the ear opening. Body scales large, homogeneous, imbricate, keeled, and mucronate, with 52– 57 scale rows around midbody. Thirty vertebral scales between the insertions of the limbs. Gular and ventral scales smooth, ventrals much smaller than the dorsals. Lamellae 16–18 under fourth toe, third and fourth toes nearly equal in length. Males with one row of 10–12 precloacal pores [after Parker, 1942, Wagner & Bauer 2011). 
CommentStatus: Listed with a question mark in WERMUTH 1967 indicating unclear status.

Illustration in Reptilia (Münster) 8 (2): 91. 
Etymology 
References
  • Lanza B 1978. On some new or interesting east African amphibians and reptiles. Monitore Zoologico Italiano supplemento 10 (14): 229-297
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Howell, K.M. & Drewes, R.C. 2006. Reptiles and amphibians of East Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 240 pp
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp and Aaron Bauer 2011. A new dwarf Agama (Sauria: Agamidae) from Ethiopia. Breviora (527): 1-19 - get paper here
 
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