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Alopoglossus angulatus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Alopoglossus angulatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAlopoglossidae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorthern Teiid 
SynonymLacerta angulata LINNAEUS 1758: 204
Leposoma carinicaudatum COPE 1876: 160
Lepidosoma carinicaudatum COPE 1876: 160
Alopoglossus carinicaudatus — BOULENGER 1885: 384
Alopoglossus amazonius RUTHVEN 1924: 1
Pantodactylus amazonicus — AMARAL 1937: 1741
Alopoglossus carinicaudatus — RUIBAL 1952: 508
Alopoglossus andeanus RUIBAL 1952: 510
Pantodactylus amazonius — AMARAL 1937: 193
Alopoglossus copii surinamensis BRONGERSMA 1946: 231
Alopoglossus angulatus — HOOGMOED 1973: 216
Alopoglossus angulatus — LEHR 2002: 74
Alopoglossus carinicaudatus — LEHR 2002: 202
Alopoglossus carinicaudatus — RODRIGUES et al. 2007
Alopoglossus angulatus — KÖHLER et al. 2012
Alopoglossus angulatus — RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR 2018 
DistributionColombia (Amazonas), Brazil (Amapa, Para, Amazonas, Rondonia, Acre), French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru (Huánuco, Loreto, Madre de Díos,Ucuyali), N Bolivia (?), elevation 100-760 m.

Type locality: “America”

andeanus: Peru (Puno); Type locality: La Pampa, Dpto. Puno, Peru, 760 m elevation  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype RMNH 15200 (Hoogmoed, 1973)
Holotype: ANSP 11371 [Leposoma carinicaudatum]
Holotype: MCZ 45590, adul male [andeanus] 
CommentSynonymy: Alopoglossus andeanus RUIBAL 1952 has been synonymized with A. angulatus by KÖHLER et al. 2012.

The original diagnosis of A. angulatus, strictly combining scales of body strongly keeled and mucronate (except the ventrals and head scales), two large rounded scales under the throat, tail 1.5 times as long as the body and hexagonal in cross section, and colour brown, is evidently ambiguous (see Hoogmoed 1973: 223) and would include A. meloi and possibly other species (RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR 2018).

Distribution: see maps in KÖHLER et al. 2012, RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR 2018: 33 (Fig. 5).

Habitat: leaf litter of lowland tropical forest, often near water. 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1946. On an Alopoglossus from Surinam. Zoologische Mededelingen 26: 231 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Cope,E.D. 1876. On the Batrachia and Reptilia collected by Dr. John M. Bransford during the Nicaraguan Canal Survey of 1874. Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 8 (2): 155-183 + 6 plates
  • Couto, André Pedro Do and Marcelo Menin. 2014. Predation on the lizard Alopoglossus angulatus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) by the Smoky Jungle Frog, Leptodactylus pentadactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in Central Amazonia. Herpetology Notes 7: 37-39 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Hans-Helmut Diethert, and Milan Veselý 2012. A Contribution To the Knowledge of the Lizard Genus Alopoglossus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Herpetological Monographs 26 (1): 173-188. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2001. New records for amphibians and reptiles from Departamentos Pasco and Ucayali, Peru. Herpetological Review 32 (2): 130-132 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Miranda, Daniele Bazzo; Nathocley Mendes Venâncio, Saymon de Albuquerque 2014. Rapid survey of the herpetofauna in an area of forest management in eastern Acre, Brazil. Check List 10 (4): 893-899 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Katia C. M. Pellegrino, Miguel T. Rodrigues, and Teresa C.S. Ávila-Pires 2011. Description and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Genus and Species of Lizard (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from the Amazonian Rainforest of Northern Brazil. American Museum Novitates (3713): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco Antônio 2018. A new species of Alopoglossus lizard (Squamata, Alopoglossidae) from the Southern Guiana Shield, northeastern Amazonia, with remarks on diagnostic characters to the genus Zootaxa 4422 (1): 025–040 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1952. Revisionary notes of some South American Teiidae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 106: 475-529 (477?)-529. - get paper here
  • Ruthven,A.G. 1924. Description of a new lizard of the genus Alopoglossus. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 153: 1-3
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
  • Vitt, L.J.; Ávila-Pires, T.C.S.; Espósito, M.C.; Sartorius, S.S. & Zani, P.A. 2007. Ecology of Alopoglossus angulatus and A. atriventris (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) in western Amazonia. Phyllomedusa 6 (1): 11-21 - get paper here
 
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