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Altiphylax stoliczkai (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

IUCN Red List - Altiphylax stoliczkai - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFrontier Bow-fingered Gecko, Baltistan gecko
Böhme’s Mountain Gecko, Karakorum gecko [boehmei] 
SynonymGymnodactylus stoliczkai STEINDACHNER 1867: 15
Gymnodactylus stoliczkae — STEINDACHNER 1867 (nom. subst.)
Cyrtodactylus yarkandensis ANDERSON 1872 (fide SMITH 1935)
Gymnodactylus stoliczkae — BOULENGER 1885: 31
Gymnodactylus stoliczkai — SMITH 1935: 57
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — UNDERWOOD 1954: 475
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) stoliczkai — WERMUTH 1965: 67
Tenuidactylus stoliczkai — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1984: 55
Cyrtodactylus toliczkai — MURTHY 1990: 8
Gonydactylus stoliczkai — KLUGE 1991: 13
Alsophylax boehmei SZCZERBAK 1991
Alsophylax boehmei — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — RÖSLER 1995: 111
Tenuidactylus yarkandensis — DAS et al. 1998
Gymnodactylus stoliczkai — KHAN & RÖSLER 2000
Mesiodactylus stoliczkai — KHAN 2000
Cyrtopodion stoliczkai — RÖSLER 2000: 75
Alsophylax (Altiphylax) boehmei — RÖSLER 2000: 59
Mesodactylys boehmei — KHAN 2003
Mesodactylus yarkandensis — KHAN 2003
Altigekko yarkandensis — KHAN 2003
Altigekko boehmei — KHAN 2003
Altigekko stoliczkai — KHAN 2003
Altigekko stoliczkai — KHAN 2005
Altigekko stoliczkai — KRYSKO et al. 2007
Altiphylax stoliczkai — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Altiphylax yarkandensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Cyrtopodion stoliczkai — AUFFENBERG et al. 2010
Altiphylax stoliczkai — BAUER et al. 2013
Altiphylax yarkandensis — BAUER et al. 2013
Altiphylax stoliczkai — DAS et al. 2017 
DistributionIndia (Kashmir, Karoo/Dras, Ladakh), W China

Type locality: “bei Karoo, nördlich von Dras, Kashmir.”

boehmei: NE Pakistan (Ladakh Skardu), India; Type locality: Skardu/Karakorum, Ladak, NE Pakistan.

yarkandensis: Pakistan; Type locality: Yarkand, eastern Turkestan on the northern edge of the Takla Makan desert, China (38° 40’ N, 77° 50’ E) Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMW 16756 (w.)
Holotype: ZFMK 38773 [boehmei]
Syntypes: ZSI 3792 [yarkandensis]] 
CommentDistribution: Not in Pakistan (KHAN & RÖSLER 1999; KHAN, pers. comm.). But Mesodactylus yarkandensis occurs in Pakistan (KHAN 2003).

Synonymy: Gymnodactylus walli has been considered as a synonym of C. stoliczkai. Cyrtodactylus yarkandensis ANDERSON 1872 (fide SMITH 1935) has been removed from the synonymy of A. stoliczkai and then resynonymized by DAS et al. 2017.

Synonymy: Recent authors consider Alsophylax boehmei as a member of the Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai complex (see also SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV, 1996) or identical to Cyrtopodion scabrum (KHAN, GOLUBEV, pers. comm.). AUFFENBERG et al. (2004) synonymized A. boehmei with Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtopodion) stoliczkai.

Note that the “diagnoses” for C. (Altigekko) stoliczkai and Tenuidactylus (Altigekko) baturensis in KHAN (2006) are essentially identical; KHAN also does not give a proper diagnosis for Altigekko (with comparisons to other genera), so we do not recognize this genus for the time being.

Cyrtopodion stoliczkai was confirmed to be a distinct species restricted to extreme northeastern Pakistan and adjacent Ladakh region (Auffenberg et al. 2004), and is immediately separable from C. walli by a number of characters, i.e. character 8 = number of scales between the postmentals and cloaca, character 11 = number of whorls on anterior one-third of tail, character 22 = scales on top of head [AUFFENBERG et al. 2010]. 
EtymologyNamed after Wolfgang Böhme, German herpetologist. 
References
  • Agarwal, I., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T.R. & Karanth, P. 2014. Cryptic species and Miocene diversification of Palaearctic naked-toed geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Indian dry zone. Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12062 - get paper here
  • Anderson, J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • Auffenberg, Kurt, Kenneth L. Krysko and Walter Auffenberg 2004. Studies on Pakistan Lizards: Cyrtopodion stoliczkai (Steindachner, 1867) (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 151-160 - get paper here
  • AUFFENBERG, KURT; KENNETH L. KRYSKO & HAFIZUR REHMAN 2010. Studies on Pakistan Lizards: Cyrtopodion baturense (Khan and Baig 1992) and Cyrtopodion walli (Ingoldby 1922) (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2636: 1–20 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, INDRANEIL, BASUDEB DATTAGUPTA and NEMAI CHARAN GAYEN. 1998. History and catalogue of reptile types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. J. south Asian nat. Hist. 3 (2): 121-172
  • DAS, SUNANDAN; SUJOY RAHA, SHIBAJEE MITRA & PROBHAT BAG 2017. Implication of variable characters for the taxonomy of Altiphylax stoliczkai (Steindachner, 1867) and Altiphylax yarkandensis (Anderson, 1872)<br />(Reptilia: Gekkonidae) with comments on the ZSI ‘syntype’ of the latter taxon’ Zootaxa 4320 (1): 183–192
  • FICETOLA, Gentile Francesco; Angelica CROTTINI,, Maurizio CASIRAGHI and Emilio PADOA-SCHIOPPA 2010. New data on amphibians and reptiles of the Northern Areas of Pakistan: distribution, genetic variability and conservation issues. North-Western Journal of Zoology 6 (1): 1-12
  • Ingoldby, C. M. 1922. A new stone gecko from the Himalaya. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 28:1051 - get paper here
  • Khan M S 1980. A new species of gecko from northern Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 12(1) 1980: 11-16 - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 2000. Redescription and generic redesignation of Gymnodactylus stoliczkai Steindachner, 1867. Pakistan J. Zool., 32 (2): 157 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. Anmerkungen zur Morphologie, Verbreitung und den Habitatpräferenzen einiger pakistanischer Geckos. Sauria 25 (3): 35-47 [erratum in 25 (4): 27] - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. Questions of generic designation of angular-toed geckos of Pakistan with descriptions of three new genera (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). J. nat. hist. Wildl. 2 (2): 1-9
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Angular-Toed Geckos of the Western Himalayas - Genus Altigekko. Reptilia (GB) (46): 60-63 - get paper here
  • Khan, Muhammad S. and Herbert Rosler 2000. Redescription and generic redesignation of the Ladakhian gecko Gymnodactylus stoliczkai Steindachner, 1969 [1867]. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 60-68 [1999] - get paper here
  • Khan, Muhammad Sharif 2005. An Overview of the Angular-toed Geckos of Pakistan (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Gekko 4 (2): 20-30
  • Krysko, K.L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Scerbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak] 1991. Eine neue Gecko-Art aus Pakistan: Alsophylax (Altiphylax) boehmei s Salamandra 27 (1-2): 53-57 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1926. Amphibians and Reptiles of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 12: 167-173 - get paper here
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986].
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Underwood, GARTH 1954. On the classifcation and evolution of geckos. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 124 (3): 469-492
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. von & Löffler, H. 1951. Ergebnisse der österreichischen Iran-Expedition 1949l50. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl., Abt. 1, 160: 427-448 - get paper here
 
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