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Ameivula jalapensis (COLLI, GIUGLIANO, MESQUITA & FRANCA, 2009)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemidophorus jalapensis COLLI, GIUGLIANO, MESQUITA & FRANCA 2009
Ameivula jalapensis — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Tocantins)

Type locality: cerrado vegetation adjacent to Cachoeira da Velha (10° 18’ S, 46° 57’ W), Ponte Alta do Tocantins municipality, Tocantins state, Brazil, elevation 345 m. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CHUNB 35651 (Figs. 2, 3), adult male, collected on 22 June 2003 by Frederico G. R. Franca. 
CommentGroup: this species belongs to the ocellifer group, distinguished by the presence of granules in the supraorbital semicircles, a lower number of femoral pores (less than 40), and the absence of preanal spurs (Rocha et al., 2000, Colli et al., 2003).

Diagnosis.—A species of Cnemidophorus belonging to the ocellifer complex and distinguished from all other members by the following combination of characters: (1) small size, maximum SVL 56 mm, mean SVL 49.31 6 5.49 mm, n 5 51; (2) 11–16 femoral pores; (3) 19–26 scales around tail; (4) 22–37 fourth toe lamellae; (5) paravertebral stripes interrupted; (6) dorsolateral stripes continuous; (7) lateral spots absent; (8) hindlimb spots absent; (9) preanal spur absent; (10) ventral caudals smooth; (11) dorsal caudals keeled; and (12) gular region and ventrolateral aspect of head and body lime-green. Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. mumbuca in having 11– 16 femoral pores (14–20 in C. mumbuca), dorsolateral stripes continuous (interrupted, not reaching supraciliary region), lateral spots absent (present in males), hind limb spots absent (present), and gular region and ventrolateral aspect of head lime-green (immaculate). Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. littoralis in having 24–29 ventral rows (30– 38 in C. littoralis), 11–16 femoral pores (28– 36), 200–250 dorsals (168–191), 19–26 scales around tail (25–34), 6–8 ventrals in transverse row (8–10), and gular region and ventrolateral aspect of head and body lime-green (light blue or white). Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. ocellifer in having 11–16 femoral pores (16–28 in C. ocellifer), lateral spots absent (present in most individuals), gular region lime-green (immaculate), ventrolateral aspect of head lime-green (brownish), and ventrolateral aspect of body lime-green (brownish [females] or green [adult males]). Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. parecis in having 11–16 femoral pores (25– 33), 19–26 scales around tail (34–47), 0–2 pairs of chinshields not in contact with infralabials (1–3 in C. parecis), 24–29 ventral rows (29–35), 6–8 ventrals in transverse row (8–10), 4–6 prefemorals (5–12), 8–10 rows of prefemorals (10–14), paravertebral stripes interrupted (absent in C. parecis), gular region lime-green (yellowish), and ventrolateral aspect of body lime-green (brownish [females] or blue [adult males]). Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. abaetensis in having 11–16 femoral pores (21–30 in C. abaetensis, Dias et al., 2002), 24–29 transverse rows of ventrals (29–35), 12–18 fourth finger lamellae (16–21), dorsal aspect of tail brownish (bright blue green to emerald green), smaller body size (maximum SVL 72 mm), dorsal tail stripe absent (bright green dorsal tail stripe), and gular region and ventrolateral aspect of head and body lime-green (immaculate). Cnemidophorus jalapensis differs from C. nativo in having 11–16 femoral pores (22– 26 in C. nativo, Rocha et al., 1997), 24–29 ventral rows (29–32), brownish dorsum (black with a faint middorsal stripe), 6–8 ventrals in a transverse row (8), smaller body size (maximum 69 mm), and gular region and ventrolateral aspect of head lime-green (light blue). 
Etymologynamed after the region of the type locality, the Jalapão region in northern Cerrado. 
References
  • Arias, Federico Jose, Mauro Teixeira Junior, Renato Sousa Recoder, Celso Morato de Carvalho, Hussam Zaher and Miguel Trefault Rodrigues. 2014. Whiptail lizards in South America: A new Ameivula (Aquamata, Teiidae) from Planalto dos Gerais, Eastern Brazilian Cerrado. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (2): 227-242 - get paper here
  • Arias, Federico; Celso Morato de Carvalho, Hussam Zaher, and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2014. A New Species of Ameivula (Squamata, Teiidae) from Southern Espinhaço Mountain Range, Brazil. Copeia 2014 (1): 95–105 - get paper here
  • Colli, Guarino R.; Lilian G. Giugliano, Daniel O. Mesquita, and Frederico G. R. França 2009. A NEW SPECIES OF CNEMIDOPHORUS FROM THE JALAPÃO REGION, IN THE CENTRAL BRAZILIAN CERRADO. Herpetologica 65 (3): 311-327 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
 
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