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Ameivula ocellifera (SPIX, 1825)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpix's Whiptail 
SynonymTeius ocellifer SPIX 1825: 23
Cnemidophorus Hygomi REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 231
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — PETERS 1877
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — PETERS et al. 1970: 95
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — CEI 1993
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Ameivula ocellifera — HARVEY et al. 2012
Cnemidophorus cf. ocellifer — BASTO DA SILVA & ÁVILA-PIRES 2013
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — SANTOS-CALDAS et al. 2016
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — ALBUQUERQUE et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Goias, Pernambuco, Ceará, Sergipe, Piauí, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), N Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Córdoba, La Rioja)

Type locality: Bahia, Brasil  
ReproductionBisexual. See C. littoralis. 
TypesSyntype: ZSM 111/0 (lost) 
CommentSynonymy that of CEI 1993.

Distribution: presence in Paraguay unclear. Reports from Paraguay may actually refer to A. abalosi or a yet undescribed species (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Maybe a species complex (ROCHA et al. 1997, 2000). Southern populations of this species have been redescribed as C. abalosi CABRERA 2012.

Type species: Teius ocellifer SPIX 1825 is the type species of the genus Ameivula HARVEY et al. 2012.

Group: this species is the founding member of the ocellifer group, distinguished by the presence of granules in the supraorbital semicircles, a lower number of femoral pores (less than 40), and the absence of preanal spurs (Rocha et al., 2000, Colli et al., 2003). 
EtymologyThe new name Ameivula is a feminine noun in the nominative singular and a diminutive form of Ameiva. Arias et al. (2011a,b) did not state whether their new specific epithets (confusionibus, cyanurus, and venetacaudus) are adjectives or nouns in apposition. HARVEY et al. 2012 consider these names to be adjectives and accordingly emend them to agree in gender with the feminine genus Ameivula. 
References
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