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Amerotyphlops tenuis (SALVIN, 1860)

IUCN Red List - Amerotyphlops tenuis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Coffee Worm Snake
S: Culebra Lombriz de Café 
SynonymTyphlops tenuis SALVIN 1860: 454
Typhlops basimaculatus COPE 1867: 320
Typhlops perditus PETERS 1869: 435
Typhlops praelongus MÜLLER 1885: 674
Typhlops tenuis — BOULENGER 1893: 28
Typhlops praelongis TAYLOR 1939: 442 (misspelling)
Typhlops tenuis — PEREZ-HIGAREDA & SMITH 1986
Typhlops tenuis — LINER 1994
Typhlops tenuis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 121
Amerotyphlops tenuis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops tenuis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 772 
DistributionMexico (Gulf area, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Puebla), Guatemala

Type locality: “Coban [Cobán, Alta Verapaz] in Guatemala.”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.71 (formerly BMNH 1864.1.26.47, according to Dixon and Hendricks (1979:28).
Holotype: USNM 6602 [Typhlops basimaculatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderate sized Typhlops (maximum total length 326 mm) with an average of 395 dorsal scales from rostral to tail spine, scale rows about body invariably 18, without reduction; complete nasal suture; diameter of midbody contained in total length 45 to 58 times; usually 9 (infrequently 7 or 11) pigmented rows of dorsal scales, pigment frequently diffuse, usually not covering margin of scale and giving an appearance of large rows of spots on dorsum (DIXON & HENDRICKS 1979: 28). 
CommentTyphlops stadelmani SCHMIDT 1936 has been removed from synonym with T. tenuis by MCCRANIE & WILSON 2001. JAN (1864) ascribes T. tenuis to himself. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “tenuis” = slender. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1867. Fifth contribution lo the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18 [1866]: 317-323 - get paper here
  • Dixon J R; Hendricks F S 1979. The wormsnakes (family Typhlopidae) of the neotropics, exclusive of the Antilles. Zoologische Verhandelingen (173): 1-39 - get paper here
  • Graboski R, Arredondo JC, Grazziotin FG, et al. 2018. Molecular phylogeny and hemipenial diversity of South American species of Amerotyphlops (Typhlopidae, Scolecophidia). Zoologica Scripta 48: 139– 156 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 3. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • MCCRANIE, J. R. & L. D. WILSON 2001. Taxonomic status of Typhlops stadelmani SCHMIDT (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Copeia 2001 (3): 820-822 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Müller,F. 1885. Vierter Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 7: 668-717 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Higareda, G, & Smith, H. M. 1986. Deviant characteristics in two species of Mexican blind snakes and their bearing on the phenomenon of zoogeographic hyperheteromorphism. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 22 (3): 131-133 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1869. Über neue Gattungen und neue oder weniger bekannte Arten von Amphibien (Eremias, Dicrodon, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Typhlops, Eryx, Rhynchonyx, Elapomorphus, Achalinus, Coronella, Dromicus, Xenopholis, Anoplodipsas, Spilotes, Tropidonotus). Monatsber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 432-447 - get paper here
  • Salvin,O. 1860. On the reptiles of Guatemala. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1860: 451-461 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1936. New amphibians and reptiles from Honduras in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 43-50. - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1939. Mexican snakes of the genus Typhlops. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 26 (13): 441-444 [1939] - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah H.; Wilson, L.D.; Ketzler, L.P. & Luque-Montes, I.R. 2008. The largest blindsnake in Mesoamerica: a new species of Typhlops (Squamata: Typhlopidae) from an isolated karstic mountain in Honduras. Zootaxa 1932: 18–26 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884 - get paper here
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