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Amphiesmoides ornaticeps (WERNER, 1924)

IUCN Red List - Amphiesmoides ornaticeps - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWerner's Ornate Snake
Vietnamese name: Ran hoa wen-no 
SynonymTropidonotus ornaticeps WERNER 1924: 30
Natrix andrewsi SCHMIDT 1925: 2
Macropophis ornaticeps — MELL 1931
Macropophis ornaticeps — BOURRET 1936: 104
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — MALNATE 1961: 4
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — ZHAO & ADLER 1993
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — ZIEGLER et al. 2006
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 35 
DistributionChina (Hainan, E Guangxi, Guangdong ?, Fujian), Vietnam (Bac Giang, Hoa Binh, and Nghe An)

Type locality: Northern Hainan, China (fide NGUYEN 2013, pers. comm.)
Type locality: adjacent to Phong Nha — Ke Bang National Park, Thuong Hoa commune, Minh Hoa district, Quang Binh Province, central Vietnam. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMW 23415 (No. 8094 in Werner 1924). 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Vietnam by SANG et al. (2009).

Diagnosis (genus): Malnate (1961) listed only three differences between (A.) ornaticeps and Amphiesma, namely the higher number of maxillary teeth in ornaticeps (more than 40, but the count being "approached by A. deschauenseei"), the larger eye in ornaticeps (about 25 % of the head length versus 15–17 % in "modesta and allied forms") and the absence of hypapophyses on the posterior vertebrae in ornaticeps (but see discussion in Malnate 1960: 68–69).

Type species: Amphiesmoides ornaticeps is the type species of the (monotypic) genus Amphiesmoides MALNATE 1961. 
References
  • Bourret, R. 1936. Les Serpents de l'Indochine, vol. 2. Imprimerie Henri Basuyau & Cie, Toulouse.
  • Forest Protection Department of Bac Giang Province 2010. Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve: Biodiversity Conservation Value and Development Potential. Publishing House for Science and Technology, 37 pp.
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Malnate, E.V. 1961. Amphiesmoides, a new genus for Tropidonotus ornaticeps Werner (Serpentes: Colubridae). Not. Nat., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 341, 1–7.
  • Malnate, E.V. 1962. The relationships of five species of the Asiatic natricine snake genus Amphiesma. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 114, 251–299. - get paper here
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, Q.T.; David, P.; Tran, T.T.; Luu, Q.V.; Le, K.Q. & Ziegler, T. 2010. Amphiesmoides ornaticeps (Werner, 1924), an addition to the snake fauna of Vietnam, with a redescription and comments on the genus Amphiesmoides Malnate, 1961 (Squamata: Natricidae). REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 117 (1): 45-56
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1935. The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, 10: lii, 1-604
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2012. Erforschung und Erhalt der Artenvielfalt: Neue Wege des Kölner Zoos in Südostasien. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos 55 (3): 111-
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225:39-56 - get paper here
 
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