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Amphisbaena brasiliana (GRAY, 1865)

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBrazilian Worm Lizard 
SynonymBronia brasiliana GRAY 1865: 371
Bronia brasiliana — PETERS et al. 1970: 87
Bronia brasiliana — GANS 1971
Bronia brasiliana — CASTRO-MELLO 2003
Amphisbaena brasiliana — MOTT & VIEITES 2009 
DistributionBrazil (Para)

Type locality: “Tropical AMerica, Santarem, on the Amazonas” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.31.77 
CommentType species: Bronia brasiliana is the type species of the genus Bronia GRAY 1865. Bronia was synonymized with Amphisbaena by MOTT & VIEITES 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after the species’ distribution in Brazil. 
References
  • Castro-Mello, C. 2003. Nova espécie de Bronia GRAY 1845, do estado do Tocantins, Brasil (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 43 (7): 139-143 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gans, Carl 1971. Redescription of three monotypic genera of amphisbaenians from South America: Aulura Barbour, Bronia Gray, and Mesobaena Mertens. American Museum Novitates (2475): 1-32 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1865: 442-455. - get paper here
  • Mott, Tamí; David R. Vieites 2009. Molecular phylogenetics reveals extreme morphological homoplasy in Brazilian worm lizards challenging current taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 190-200 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, A. S. Q. A. and F. B. R. Gomes 2017. Amphisbaena brasiliana Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 432-433
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
 
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