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Amphisbaena maranhensis GOMES & MACIEL, 2012

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAmphisbaena maranhensis GOMES & MACIEL 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Maranhão)

Type locality: Municipality of Loreto (07°09’09” S; 45°18’14” W), Maranhão state, Brazil.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 28562 (field number: DT 178). Specimen after collection broken into two pieces, in the posterior region of the body near the cloaca; both pieces preserved (Fig. 2). Collected in pitfall trap by Dante Pavan, Vinícius de Avelar São Pedro, and José Mario Guelhere on 3 March, 2009. 
CommentDiagnosis. A small species of Amphisbaena, without major fusion of head shields: rostral, nasals, prefrontals, frontals, parietals and labials are distinct. Three supralabials, irregularly polygonal; first supralabial, rhomboid, longer and lower than the second and third; three infralabials, third one, pentagonal, higher than the first and second. Two rows of postgenials, first with two scales and second with three scales, lacking a postmalar row. Body annuli 306, caudal annuli 21, with the eighth postcloacal annulus more pigmented than adjacent annuli, 10 dorsal segments and 14 ventral segments in a midbody annulus, and no precloacal pores. Tip of tail with a vertical keel. Dorsal sulcus absent, lateral sulci distinct. 
EtymologyThe name of the species refers to Maranhão state, where the new species was collected. 
References
  • GOMES, JERRIANE O. & ADRIANO O. MACIEL 2012. A new species of Amphisbaena Linnaeus (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae) from the state of Maranhão, northern Brazilian Cerrado. Zootaxa 3572: 43–54 - get paper here
  • Vrcibradic, D.; C.F.D. Rocha; M.C. Kiefer; F.H. Hatano; A.F. Fontes; M. Almeida-Gomes; C.C. Siqueira; J.A.L. Pontes; V.N.T. Borges-Junior; L.O. Gil; T. Klaion; E.C.N. Rubião; M. Sluys. 2011. Herpetofauna, Estação Ecológica Estadual do Paraíso, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 745-749 - get paper here
 
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