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Amphisbaena metallurga COSTA, RESENDE, TEIXEIRA, VECHIO & CLEMENTE, 2015

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAmphisbaena metallurga COSTA, RESENDE, TEIXEIRA, VECHIO & CLEMENTE 2015 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais)

Type-locality. Brazil: Minas Gerais: Conceição do Mato Dentro, semi-deciduous seasonal forest, ca. 18°54′ S, 43°25′ W, 700 m elevation, southern Espinhaço Range (Fig. 2).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FUNED 2943 (Fig. 1A–G), collected in August 2009 or May 2010 (no specific date available), by Dimitri Lima Gouvêa and Sarita Pimenta de Oliveira.
Paratypes. FUNED 2940–2942, 2944, 2945, 2947–2949, 2951–2960, UFMG 2080 (ex. FUNED 2946), 2081 (ex FUNED 2950), collected in August 2009 or May 2010 (no specific date available) by Dimitri Lima Gouvêa and Sarita Pimenta de Oliveira. All paratypes from the type-locality. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name of the new species is a transliteration of the Greek μεταλλουργος (metalloyrgos), meaning “miner” (Liddle and Scott 1996). It is here used as an adjective that agrees in gender with the generic name. The name refers to the fossorial habits of amphisbaenians, which use the head to dig underground tunnels like a miner. Paradoxically, this new “mining reptile” was found in the area where a slurry pipeline is being installed. “Miner” is also the translation of the Portuguese words “mineiro” and “mineira”, masculine and feminine adjectives referring to native inhabitants of the state of Minas Gerais, where the new species was discovered. 
References
  • Costa, Henrique C; Flávia C. Resende , Mauro Teixeira Jr. , Francisco Dal Vechio , Cinara A. Clemente 2015. A new Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from southern Espinhaço Range, southeastern Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 87(2): 891-901 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
 
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