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Amphisbaena persephone PINNA, MENDONÇA, BOCCHIGLIERI & FERNANDES, 2014

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAmphisbaena persephone PINNA, MENDONÇA, BOCCHIGLIERI & FERNANDES 2014 
DistributionNE Brazil (Goiás)

Type locality: fragment of Cerrado vegetation in Jatobá farm (13°53’S, 45°42’W, datum SAD 69), municipality of Jaborandi, southwestern region of the state of Bahia, close to the border with the state of Goiás, northeastern Brazil  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MNRJ 23581, Adult male, collected on 19 November 2008 by A.F. Mendonça and A. Bocchiglieri.
Paratypes: Nine specimens collected at the type locality by A.F. Mendonça and A. Bocchiglieri: MNRJ 23582 (collected on 22 January 2008); MNRJ 23583 (collected on 23 January 2008); MNRJ 23584 (collected on 10 June 2008); MNRJ 23585 (collected on 26 July 2008); MNRJ 23586 (collected on 14 September 2008); MNRJ 23587–88 (collected on 18 November 2008); MNRJ 23589 (collected on 28 January 2009); MNRJ 23590 (collected in 2010). Most of the paratypes were collected at a large area of continuous Cerrado vegetation (MNRJ 23582, 23583, 23586, 23589, 23590), but two of them were collected at fragments of Cerrado vegetation (MNRJ 23587, 23588) and two were collected at a Pinus spp. plantation area (MNRJ 23584, 23585). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species is named after the goddess Persephone who, according to Greek mythology, became the queen of the underworld once she married Hades (the king of the underworld). The name is a reference to the fossorial habit of the species. 
References
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Pinna, Pedro H.; Andre F. Mendonça, Adriana Bocchiglieri, and Daniel S. Fernandes 2014. A New Species of Amphisbaena Linnaeus, 1758 from a Cerrado Region in Bahia, Northeastern Brazil (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 339-349. - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO, SÍRIA; JERRIANE O. GOMES, HELDER LÚCIO RODRIGUES DA SILVA, CARLOS EDUARDO D. CINTRA, NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR. 2016. A new two-pored species of Amphisbaena (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae) from the Brazilian Cerrado, with a key to the two-pored species of Amphisbaena. Zootaxa 4147 (2): 124–142 - get paper here
 
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