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Amphisbaena vanzolinii GANS, 1963

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Common NamesVanzolini's Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena vanzolinii GANS 1963
Amphisbaena vanzolinii— HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991
Amphisbaena hugoi VANZOLINI 1989 (fide HOOGMOED & MOTT 2003)
Amphisbaena hugoi — VANZOLINI 2002
Amphisbaena vanzolinii — GANS 2005: 20
Amphisbaena vanzolinii — MORATO et al. 2014: 63 
DistributionGuyana (Rupununi District), Suriname (Sipaliwini), N Brazil (Amazonas, Pará)

hugoi: Brazil (Amazonas, from the area of Balbina, northeast of Manaus).

Type locality: Guyana; Marudi (02°05’N, 59°00’W). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
Typesholotype: AMNH 60975; paratype: AMNH 60778
holotype: MZUSP 68644 [hugoi] 
CommentDistribution: map in HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991.

The belly of Surinam A. vanzolinii is white and the back light- to dark-brown, exactly the same as in A. hugoi. All meristic and other characters mentioned by Vanzolini (1990, 2002) for A. hugoi completely fall within the range of variation known for A. vanzolinii. 
EtymologyThe specific name is a homage to Dr. Paulo Emílio Vanzolini (1924-2013), one of the most distinguished Brazilian zoologists. About Vanzolini see Heyer (2004), Bastos & Sa 2011, and Dirksen 2013. 
  • Dirksen, Lutz 2013. Paulo Emilio Vanzolini. Ein Herpetologe aus Leidenschaft. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 52-54
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gans,C. 1963. Notes on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 8. A redescription of Amphisbaena stejnegeri and the description of a new species of Amphisbaena from British Guiana. American Museum Novitates (2128): 1-18. - get paper here
  • Gonzales Sponga, M.A. & Gans C. 1971. Amphisbaena gracilis Strauch rediscovered (Amphisbaena: Reptilia). Copeia 1971 (4): 589-595 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. A new species of small Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae) from western Amazonian Brazil. BOLETIM DO MUSEU PARAENSE EMILIO GOELDI SERIE ZOOLOGIA 7 (1): 77-94
  • Hoogmoed, M. S.; Mott, T. 2003. On the identity of Amphisbaena hugoi Vanzolini, 1990 (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Zoologische Mededelingen 77 (15/36): 455-458 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, Marinus S.; Roberta R. Pinto, Wáldima Alves da Rocha, and Emiliane G. Pereira 2009. A NEW SPECIES OF MESOBAENA MERTENS, 1925 (SQUAMATA: AMPHISBAENIDAE) FROM BRAZILIAN GUIANA, WITH A KEY TO THE AMPHISBAENIDAE OF THE GUIANAN REGION. Herpetologica 65 (4): 436 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Vanzolini P E 1989. A new species of Amphisbaena from the State of Amazonas, Brasil (Reptilia, Amphisbaenia, Amphisbaenidae). MEMORIAS DO INSTITUTO OSWALDO CRUZ RIO DE JANEIRO 84 (Suppl. 4): 525-528 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2002. AN AID TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF AMPHISBAENA (SQUAMATA, AMPHISBAENIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(15):351-362 - get paper here
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