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Amphisbaena vermicularis WAGLER, 1824

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWagler's Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena vermicularis WAGLER 1824: 73
Amphisbaena vermicularis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 489
Amphisbaena vermicularis centralis AMARAL 1935: 255
Amphisbaena spixi SCHMIDT 1936
Amphisbaena vermicularis — GRAY 1865: 370
Amphisbaena vermicularis — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 2000
Amphisbaena vermicularis — GANS 2005: 21 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Goias, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Bahia, Pernambuco, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija)

Type locality: ‘‘In provincia Bahiae, . . . aux environs de la ville de Bahia,’’ Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 49423; Lectotype: ZSM 660/0 (fide GANS 2005). 
CommentDistribution: map in HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991.

Sympatry: Partly sympatric with A. silvestrii.

Similar species: A. arda, A. fuliginosa (see these species for details). 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1935. Um novo genero e duas novas especies de Geckonideos e uma nova raça de Amphisbaenideo, procedentes do Brasil Central. Mem. Inst. Butantan 9: 253-256 + 1 plate - get paper here
  • Barros Filho, J.D. de 1996. NOTAS SOBRE OS AMPHISBAENIA (REPTILIA, SQUAMATA) DA MICRORREGIÃO DE FEIRA DE SANTANA, ESTADO DA BAHIA, BRASIL. Sitientibus, Feira de Santana (14): 57-68
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Costa Valverde, M.C. & Jesus Ferreira D. de 2005. NEM COBRA, NEM DUAS CABEÇAS: QUEM EU SOU? Uma abordagem sobre os Amphisbaenia. Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, 10 pp.
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Da Silva, É.G., Pinto, C.L.D.M., do Oliveira, M.C., Teles, D.A., Filho, J.A.d.A., Pereira, A.M.A. & Almeida, W.D.O. 2017. Amphisbaena vermicularis (Wagler’s Worm Lizard) Parasitism. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 631.
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Falcione, Camila and Alejandra Hernando 2010. A new karyotypic formula for the genus Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Phyllomedusa 9 (1): 75-80 - get paper here
  • Freire, E.M.X., G.O. Skuk, M.F. Kolodiuk, L.B. Ribeiro, B.S. Maggi, L.S. Rodrigues, W.L.S. Vieira and A.C.G.P. Falcão. 2009. Répteis Squamata das Caatingas do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte e do Cariri da Paraíba: síntese do conhecimento atual e perspectivas; pp. 51–84, in: E.M.X. Freire (eds.). Recursos naturais das Caatingas: uma visão multidisciplinar. Natal: Editora da UFRN
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gans,C. & Amdur, M.A. 1966. Redescription of Amphisbaena vermicularis Wagler, with comments on its range and synonymy (Amphisbaenia: Reptilia). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 33 (4/5): 69-90 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. A new species of small Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae) from western Amazonian Brazil. BOLETIM DO MUSEU PARAENSE EMILIO GOELDI SERIE ZOOLOGIA 7 (1): 77-94
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Leandro Da Silva, Carolina M. C. A. Lisboa and Janete Gomes Abrão-Oliveira. 2014. Amphisbaena vermicularis predation. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 490
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna of Quaternary sand dunes of the middle Rio São Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. VIII. Amphisbaena arda sp. nov., a fuliginosa-like checkered patterned Amphisbaena (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae). Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 51-56 [2002] - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1936. Notes on Brasilian amphisbaenians. Herpetologica 1 (1): 28-32. - get paper here
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Strussmann, Christine & Tami Mott 2009. Sympatric amphisbaenids from Manso Dam region, Mato Grosso State, Western Brazil, with the description of a new two-pored species of Amphisbaena (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 44 (1): 37 – 46 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90.
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2002. AN AID TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF AMPHISBAENA (SQUAMATA, AMPHISBAENIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(15):351-362 - get paper here
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
 
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