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Amyda ornata (GRAY, 1861)

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesAmyda ornata ornata (GRAY 1861)
Amyda ornata phayrei (THEOBALD 1868) 
Common Names 
SynonymTrionyx ornatus GRAY 1861: 422
Amyda ornata ornata — FRITZ et al. 2014
Amyda ornata ornata — TTWG 2017: 164
Amyda cartilaginea ornata — TTWG 2017: 164

Amyda ornata phayrei (THEOBALD 1868)
Trionyx phayrei THEOBALD 1870
Trionyx phayrii — BOULENGER 1889
Trionyx phayrei — DE ROOIJ 1915: 328
Amyda ornata phayrei — FRITZ et al. 2014
Amyda ornata phayrei — TTWG 2017: 164
Amyda cartilaginea phayrei — TTWG 2017: 164 
DistributionBangladesh, W Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, N India

ornata: W Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos; Type locality: Cambodia)

phayrei: Myanmar, Thailand; Type locality: Arakan Hills, near Pathein (Bassein), Myanmar.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
Types 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: There has been some confusion between Trionyx and Testudo phayrei in the older literature (see also that entry and references therein). Fritz et al. 2014 revalidated Amyda ornata ornata and A. o. phayrei. However, they did not provide much detail about revised diagnoses but do provide a map of the two A. ornata subspecies. TTWG 2017 is undecided about the status of ornata and lists it borth as valid species and subspecies of cartilaginea.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries, lakes)d

Distribution: see maps in TTWG 2017: 162, 163. 
EtymologyT. phayrei was named after Lieut.-Col. Sir A. P. Phayre, Chief Commissioner of British Birma. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Fritz, Uwe; Richard Gemel, Christian Kehlmaier, Melita Vamberger, Peter Praschag 2014. Phylogeography of the Asian softshell turtle Amyda cartilaginea (Boddaert, 1770): evidence for a species complex. Vertebrate Zoology 64 (2): 229-243 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1861. Description of a soft tortoise from Camboja. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 7: 422 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Tint Lwin, Naing Win, Htay Lin Aung, Kalyar Platt & Thomas R. Rainwater, Pp. 2017. An interview-based survey to determine the conservation status of Softshell Turtles (Reptilia: Trionychidae) in the Irrawaddy Dolphin Protected Area, Myanmar JoTT 9 (12): 10998–11008 - get paper here
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar; Sheikh M.A. Rashid, Rupa Datta, Passing Mro, and Chirag J. Roy 2015. Status, Exploitation, and Conservation of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2015, Vol. 14, No. 2: 130-135. - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • TTWG; Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur GeoRges, H. BRadley Shaffer, and Peter Paul van Dijk 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Ed Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017 - get paper here
 
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