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Anilios affinis (BOULENGER, 1889)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSmall-headed Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops affinis BOULENGER 1889: 363
Typhlops affinis — BOULENGER 1893: 49
Typhlops kenti BOULENGER 1914: 482 (fide MCDOWELL 1974)
Typhlops affinis — WAITE 1918: 22
Ramphotyphlops kenti — ROBB 1966: 676
Ramphotyphlops affinis — ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina affinis — MCDOWELL 1974: 33
Ramphotyphlops affinis — COGGER et al. 1983: 194
Ramphotyphlops affinis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984: 105
Sivadictus affinis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 41
Sivadictus kenti — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 41
Ramphotyphlops affinis — MCDIARMID et al. 1999: 56
Ramphotyphlops affinis — COGGER 2000: 589
Austrotyphlops affinis — WALLACH 2006
Ramphotyphlops affinis — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 406
Ramphotyphlops affinis — MARIN et al. 2013
Libertadictus (Pattersontyphlops) affinis — HOSER 2013: 45
Ramphotyphlops affinis — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 436
Anilios affinis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 36
Anilios affinis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Anilios affinis — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Ramphotyphlops affinis — COGGER 2014: 794 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland)

Type locality: Queensland. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.10.56 (formerly BMNH 1874.4.29.243 fide Wallach et al. 2014) 
CommentTyphlops cumingii mansuetus BARBOUR 1921 has been considered as a synonym of R. affinis but has been revalidated by WALLACH 2003. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1921. Reptiles and amphibians from the British Solomon Islands. Proc. New England zool. Club 7: 91-112 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Descriptions of new Typhlopidæ in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 4: 360-363 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, GEORGE A. 1914. Descriptions of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 14 (84): 482-485. - get paper here
  • Cogger H.G., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2013. The description of new snake subgenera, species and subspecies from Australia (Squamata: Serpentes). Australasian J. Herpetol. 16: 39–52
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679
  • Shea, G.M. 1999. Waite’s blind snakes (Squamata: Scolecophidia: Typhlopidae): identification of sources and correction of errors. Rec. Austral. Mus. 51 (1): 447-450 - get paper here
  • Waite, E. R. 1918. Review of the Australian blind snakes. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 1-34
  • Wallach, V. 2003. Scolecophidia miscellanea. Hamadryad 27 (2): 222-240 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 2006. The nomenclatural status of Australian Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc 42 (1): 8-24
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2013. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 4th ed. New Holland Publishers, 592 pp.
 
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