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Anilios ammodytes (MONTAGUE, 1914)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops ammodytes MONTAGUE 1914: 642
Typhlops diversus — WAITE 1918: 31
Ramphotyphlops diversus ammodytes — STORR 1981: 243
Ramphotyphlops diversus — COGGER et al. 1983: 196
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984: 105
Libertadictus ammodytes — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 40
Ramphotyphlops diversus — MCDIARMID et al. 1999: 64
Ramphotyphlops diversus ammodytes — COGGER 2000
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — STORR et al. 2002: 16
Austrotyphlops ammodytes — WALLACH 2006
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 406
Libertadictus ammodytes — HOSER 2012: 22
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — MARIN et al. 2013
Libertadictus (Slopptyphlops) ammodytes — HOSER 2013: 45
Libertadictus (Slopptyphlops) richardwellsi HOSER 2013: 45
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 436
Anilios ammodytes — WALLACH et al. 2014: 36
Anilios ammodytes — HEDGES et al. 2014
Anilios ammodytes — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Ramphotyphlops ammodytes — COGGER 2014: 795 
DistributionWestern Australia (Pilbara region, Western Australia)

Type locality: “Hermite Is., Monte Bello Ils. [= Montebello Islands], W.A.” [= Western Australia]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.23 (formerly BMNH 1913.10.16.1, Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small, pale, moderately slender blind-snake with rounded snout, 20 mid-body scale rows and nasal cleft proceeding from preocular and usually dividing nasal scale. Differing from R. d. diuersus mainly by narrower rostral (usually less than 0.4 times as wide as head, v. usually more than 0.4) and nasal cleft extending higher on to top of head (from Storr 1981). 
CommentType species: Typhlops ammodytes Montague 1914 is the type species of the subgenus Slopptyphlops Hoser 2013: 45 (subgenus of Libertadictus Wells & Wellington 1984), both junior synonyms of Anilios (SHEA 2015). 
EtymologyFrom Greek ammodutēs = sand-dweller (Bodson 2014). 
  • Bodson, Liliane 2014. ZOOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE IN ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME, in: CAMPBELL G.L. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, 556-578 - get paper here
  • Cogger H.G., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the extant scolecophidians (“blindsnakes”) including the formal naming and diagnosis of new tribes, genera, subgenera, species and subspecies for divergent taxa. Australasian J. Herpetol. 15: 1–64. - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2013. The description of new snake subgenera, species and subspecies from Australia (Squamata: Serpentes). Australasian J. Herpetol. 16: 39–52
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Montague, P.D. 1914. A report on the fauna of the Monte Bello Islands. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1914: 625-652 + plates - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Storr G M 1981. The genus Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9 (3): 235-271 - get paper here
  • Storr, G.M., Smith, L.A. & Johnstone, R.E. 2002. Snakes of Western Australia, Revised edition. Perth: Western Australian Museum, xiii + 309 pp
  • Waite, E. R. 1918. Review of the Australian blind snakes. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 1-34
  • Wallach, V. 2006. The nomenclatural status of Australian Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc 42 (1): 8-24 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61 [sometimes cited as 1983] - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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