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Anilios bicolor (PETERS, 1858)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymOnychocephalus bicolor PETERS 1858: 509
Typhlops bicolor — JAN 1864
Typhlops bicolor — BOULENGER 1893: 48
Typhlops australis — WAITE 1918: 28
Ramphotyphlops australis — STORR 1981: 238
Ramphotyphlops australis — COGGER et al. 1983: 195
Sivadictus bicolor — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 41
Ramphotyphlops australis — MCDIARMID et al. 1999: 57
Ramphotyphlops australis — COGGER 2000
Ramphotyphlops australis — STORR et al. 2002: 18
Ramphotyphlops bicolor — RABOSKY et al. 2004
Ramphotyphlops bicolor — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 408
Ramphotyphlops bicolor — MARIN et al. 2013
Libertadictus (Bennetttyphlops) bicolor — HOSER 2013: 47
Ramphotyphlops bicolor — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 438
Anilios bicolor — WALLACH et al. 2014: 37
Anilios bicolor — HEDGES et al. 2014
Anilios bicolor — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Ramphotyphlops bicolor — COGGER 2014: 797 
DistributionAustralia (S (Western Australia, S South Australia, W Victoria, SW New South Wales)

Type locality: Adelaide, S.A. (original descriptions states Melbourne, Victoria (Cogger et al. 1983)) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: ZMB 4721, 4051 ? (syntypes: ZMB 4721-22) 
CommentSynonymy: Placed into synonymy with Anilios australis by Waite (1918), resurrected by Rabosky et al. (2004). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger H.G., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2013. The description of new snake subgenera, species and subspecies from Australia (Squamata: Serpentes). Australasian J. Herpetol. 16: 39–52
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 4. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1858. Über die Typhlopinen oder blödsichtigen Schlangen und Über neue dahin gehörige Arten. Monatsberichte der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1857 (November): 508-509 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Rabosky, D.L.; K. P. Aplin, S. C. Donnellan and S. B. Hedges 2004. Molecular phylogeny of blindsnakes (Ramphotyphlops) from western Australia and resurrection of Ramphotyphlops bicolor (Peters, 1857). Australian Journal of Zoology 52 (5): 531 - 548 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1981. The genus Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9 (3): 235-271 - get paper here
  • Storr, G.M., Smith, L.A. & Johnstone, R.E. 2002. Snakes of Western Australia, Revised edition. Perth: Western Australian Museum, xiii + 309 pp
  • Waite, E. R. 1918. Review of the Australian blind snakes. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 1-34
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2013. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 4th ed. New Holland Publishers, 592 pp.
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