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Anilios nigrescens GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlackish Blind Snake 
SynonymAnilios nigrescens GRAY 1845: 135
Typhlops (Typhlops) nigrescens (Anilios) - JAN 1863: 11
Typhlops rueppelli JAN 1863: 11
Typhlops Temminckii JAN 1864
Typhlops temminckii — JAN, in JAN & SORDELLI 1864
Typhlops rueppelli — JAN 1864
Typhlops nigrescens — JAN 1865: 11
Typhlops (Typhlops) Rüppelli - JAN 1865
Typhlops reginae BOULENGER 1889: 362
Typhlops temminckii — BOULENGER 1893: 29
Typhlops reginae — BOULENGER 1893: 35
Typhlops polygrammicus nigrescens - SMITH 1927: 219
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens - ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina polygrammica - MCDOWELL 1974: 35
Typhlina polygrammica nigrescens - HAHN 1980
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — MATTISON 1995: 97
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 70
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — COGGER 2000: 595
Austrotyphlops nigrescens — WALLACH 2006
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 416
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — KAY et al. 2013
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — MARIN et al. 2013
Anilios nigrescens — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens — COGGER 2014: 807 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland,Victoria)

Type locality: Parramatta, New South Wales [lectotype] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
Typeslectotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.17, designated by COGGER 1983. 
CommentDiet: mainly termites and their larvae.

Type species: Anilios nigrescens GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Austrotyphlops WALLACH 2006. Anilios nigrescens GRAY 1845 is also the type species of the genus Sivadictus Wells & Wellington 1985: 41.

Diagnosis of the genus: Australian-New Guinean clade of blindsnakes having retrocloacal sacs and solid eversible awned hemipenes that retract into the tail in a helical pattern. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Descriptions of new Typhlopidæ in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 4: 360-363 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 3. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Elenco sist. Ophidi: 11
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • Miller, J.D. & McDonald, K.R. 1977. A note on eggs and hatchlings of the blind snake Typhlina nigrescens Gray. Victorian Naturalist 94: 161-164
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679
  • Smith, M. A., 1927. Contribution to the herpetology of the Indo-Australian Region. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1: 199-225.
  • Wallach, V. 2006. The nomenclatural status of Australian Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc 42 (1): 8-24
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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