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Anisolepis undulatus (WIEGMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Anisolepis undulatus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Enyaliinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWiegmann's Tree Lizard 
SynonymLaemanctus undulatus WIEGMANN 1834: 46
Ecphymotes undulatus — FITZINGER 1826
Laemanctus ondulatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 75 (lapsus)
Lamanctus (Urostrophus) undulatus FITZINGER 1843 (fide CEI 1993)
Anisolepis Iheringii BOULENGER 1885: 86
Anisolepis iheringii — BOULENGER 1885: 122
Anisolepis undulatus — BOULENGER 1886: 426
Anisolepis bruchi KOSLOWSKY 1895
Anisolepis undulatus — WERNER 1896: 471
Anisolepis undulatus — ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991 
DistributionS Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), EC Argentina (Buenos Aires), Uruguay (Paysandú)

Type locality: Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 497 
CommentSynonymy mostly following ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991 and CEI 1993. BOULENGER 1886 synonymized Laemanctus obtusirostris with A. undulatus.

Type species: Anisolepis iheringi BOULENGER 1885 [= Laemanctus undulatus WIEGMANN 1834] is the type species of the genus Anisolepis BOULENGER 1885.

Distribution: for a map see ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991: 338. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): From the Greek “anisos” meaning unequal and “lepis” meaning scale, with reference to the heterogeneity of the squamation.

Etymology (species): Named undulatus because of the zig-zag dorsal pattern. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1885. Second list of reptiles and batrachians from the province Rio Grande do Sul, sent to the Natural History Museum by Dr. H. van Ihering. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16: 85-88 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R; Williams E E 1991. A review of the South American lizard genera Urostrophus and Anisolepis (Squamata: Iguania: Polychridae). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool Harvard 152(5) 1991: 317-361 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, P. 1988. Beobachtungen an und Nachzucht von Chelodina novaegineae (BOULENGER, 1888). Sauria 10 (2): 7-11 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Dos nuevas Lagartijas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 417-420 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Prigioni, C.; C. Borteiro; F. Kolenc. 2011. Amphibia and Reptilia, Quebrada de los Cuervos, Departamento de Treinta y Tres, Uruguay. Check List 7 (6): 763-767 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.-H. 1979. Feldherpetologische Beobachtungen in Persien, nebst morphologischen Daten zu den Agamen Agama agilis, A. caucasica und A. erythrogaster (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae) Salamandra 15 (4): 237-253 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1896. Die Iguaniden-Gattung Anisolepis Blngr. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 46: 470-473
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
 
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