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Anolis anoriensis VELASCO, GUTIÉRREZ-CÁRDENAS & QUINTERO-ANGEL, 2010

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis anoriensis VELASCO, GUTIÉRREZ-CÁRDENAS & QUINTERO-ANGEL 2010
Dactyloa anoriensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionColombia (Central Andes)

Type locality: Colombia: Vereda El Retiro, Anorí municipality, Antioquia department, 6°59'00"N, 75°8'05"W, 1374 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MHUA 11719 (field number JAV 218), adult male, collected on 10–13 January 2005 by Julián Velasco, Rosario Castañeda, and Paul D. Gutiérrez. 
CommentSimilar species: A. eulaemus, A. fitchi

Diagnosis. An Anolis of the eulaemus subgroup of the aequatorialis group, differing from the remainder of the eulaemus species by the following combination of characters: body size, presence of interparietal scale, in- terparietal size, toepad condition and coloration pattern. Anolis anoriensis differs from A. gemmosus and A. ven- trimaculatus, A. mirus and A. maculigula in adult body size (Table 1). Anolis anoriensis differs from A. antioquiae and A. megalopithecus in the presence of an interparietal scale; A. antioquiae and A. megalopithecus lack the in- terparietal scale. Anolis anoriensis differs from A. mirus, A. parilis, A. kunayalae and A. aequatorialis in having narrow toepads that overlap the first phalanx (A. mirus, A. parilis, A. kunayalae and A. aequatorialis share the char- acter that the toepad does not overlap the first phalanx (the Norops condition; see Figure 1 of Williams, 1963). Anolis anoriensis differs further from A.aequatorialis in female dewlap size (A. aequatorialis has a dewlap extending pos- terior to axillae; the dewlap in A. anoriensis is smaller, not extending posterior to axillae). Anolis anoriensis is very similar to A. eulaemus and A. fitchi but differs in interpa- rietal size and coloration. Anolis anoriensis exhibits an interparietal scale slightly smaller than A. eulaemus (A. anoriensis mean 1.2±0.1 mm; A. eulaemus 1.7±0.1 mm; Mann–Whitney U-test=56, P=0.03; Table 1).
Anolis anoriensis differs further from A. eulaemus and A. fitchi in life coloration pattern (A. eulaemus in life is almost exclusively brown, A. fitchi is green-yellowish, and A. anoriensis is green). Similarly, A. anoriensis pos- sesses a darker anterior part of the dewlap, whereas A. eulaemus posesses a diffused light brown dewlap (Fig. 1). Furthermore, Anolis anoriensis differs from A. fitchi in dewlap scalation and female dewlap size. The male dewlap of A. anoriensis possesses rows of several scales separated by skin interspersed with scales, whereas the dewlap of A. fitchi has single or double rows separated by naked skin. The female dewlap in A. anoriensis is small (not extending posterior to axillae) and has two or more scales separated by skin interspersed with a few scales. By contrast, the female dewlap in A. fttchi extends poste- rior to the axillae and exhibits a single or double row of scales separated by naked skin [from VELASCO et al. 2010].

Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyThe specific name anoriensis refers to the lo- cality where the new species was found, the municipality of Anorí, a town on the eastern flank of the Cordillera Central in the department of Antioquia (Colombia). 
References
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Velasco, Julián Andrés; Paul David A. Gutiérrez-Cárdenas & Andrés Quintero-Angel 2010. A new species of Anolis of the aequatorialis group (Squamata: Iguania) from the central Andes of Colombia. The Herpetological Journal 20: 231–236 - get paper here
 
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