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Anolis apletolepis KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis apletolepis KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 110
Anolis aliniger — WILLIAMS 1965: 9
Anolis aliniger — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger — HENDERSON & INCHAUSTEGUI 1984 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger —HENDERSON & SCHWARTZ 1984
Anolis aliniger — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis aliniger — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.) 
DistributionSE Haiti (La Selle mountain range), Dominican Republic (W Sierra de Bahoruco), 1575-1840 m elevation

Type locality: Furcy, at Lodge (18.42037, -72.29777), 1575 m, Massif de la Selle, Département de l’Ouest, Haiti  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 98133, an adult male; collected 22 November 2009 by S. Blair Hedges. Field tag number USNM FS (field series) 268696.
Paratypes. MCZ 190696, La Visite National Park (18.33186, -72.28701), 1840 m, Département de l’Ouest, Haiti, collected 19 August 2009 by Luke Mahler. USNM 558684 (KJ566817, EF531484), Furcy (18.42793, -72.27962), 1665 m, Département de l’Ouest, Haiti, collected 22 May 1991 by S. Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Nicholas Plummer, and Manuel Leal. USNM 286908 (KJ566814), Gros Cheval, ca. 15 km W of, via logging roads, northeast slope of Pic La Selle, Département Sud’Est, Haiti, collected 18 November 1984 by S. Blair Hedges and Richard Thomas. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).

Diagnosis. A moderate-sized species of Anolis that differs from all other Hispaniolan congeners except A. aliniger, A. divius, A. eladioi, A. prasinorius, A. singularis, and the species described below by the combination of having (1) predominantly green overall coloration in life (capable of rapid color change to brown); (2) no white subocular stripe and no white streak onto lateral neck (3) relatively short hind legs (fourth toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to ear opening or only slightly beyond ear opening); (4) the ventral scales at midbody smooth; (5) <38 subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV of hind limbs; (6) male dewlap yellowish green or brown (after metachrosis) in life with longitudinal single rows of gorgetal scales or gorgetals not arranged in rows, central gorgetal scales about the same size as those on posterior portion of dewlap; and (7) a relatively short tail (ratio tail length/SVL <1.7). Among the Anolis species occuring treated in this contribution, A. apletolepis is most similar to A. aliniger, A. divius, A. eladioi, A. prasinorius, A. singularis, and the species described below from which it differs by having the scales on anterior surface of thigh conspicuously enlarged, mostly higher than long (vs. these scales not or only slightly enlarged, not higher than long). Anolis apletolepis differs from A. singularis by having the sublabial scales much larger than median scales adjacent to them (vs. sublabial scales about the same size as scales medially adjacent to this row). Anolis apletolepis differs further from A. eladioi and A. prasinorius by having the central gorgetal scales about subequal in size as those on posterior portion of dewlap (vs. central gorgetals smaller than those on posterior portion of dewlap in A. eladioi and A. prasinorius). Also, A. prasinorius is smaller than A. apletolepis (SVL to 45 mm in males and to 43 mm in females of A. prasinorius vs. SVL to 59 mm in males and to 50 mm in females of A. apletolepis). For additional differences between A. apletolepis and the species described below, see the account of the new species. 
EtymologyThe name apletolepis is a composite noun in apposition derived from apleto (Greek for “large”) and lepis (Greek for “scale”) referring to the enlarged scales on the anterior surface of thigh. 
References
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12.
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
 
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