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Anolis armouri (COCHRAN, 1934)

IUCN Red List - Anolis armouri - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesArmoured Anole 
SynonymAudantia armouri COCHRAN 1934: 171
Anolis [armouri] - ETHERIDGE 1960
Anolis cybotes armouri - WILLIAMS 1963
Anolis armouri - WILLIAMS 1976
Anolis armouri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 220
Anolis armouri — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Audantia armouri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionHispaniola (S Haiti, SW Dominican Republic)

Type locality: Pic la Selle, Département du Sud-Est, Haiti.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 37523. 
CommentIllustrations: Cochran, 1941; Williams, 1963.

Type species: Audantia armouri COCHRAN 1934 is the type species of of the genus Audantia COCHRAN 1934, now a synonym of Anolis.

Diagnosis (Audantia): Support for this genus is provided by 102 apomorphies including 13 morphological and 89 molecular ones. There are eight unequivocal morphological apomorphies: ratio of maximum female snout-to-vent length to maximum male snout-to-vent length increased (2: h to l); head increased in width (5: o to t), dorsal, ventral, supradigital and head scales smooth (40: 0 to 2); no postfrontal (62: a to z); posteroventral corner of jugal posterior to posterior edge of jugal (69: a to z); pterygoid teeth present (71: z to a); lateral shelf of quadrate present (75: a to z); and jaw wrinkling of cybotes type (90: 0 to 4). There are 49 unequivocal molecular apomorphies (see Appendix II, from Nicholson et al. 2012: 31). 
EtymologyNamed for the collector of the type specimen of the type species, André Audant, zoologist at the Government Agricultural School at Damien, Haiti (Cochran 1934). 
References
  • Asa E. Conover, Ellee G. Cook, Katherine E. Boronow, and Martha M. Muñoz 2015. Effects of Ectoparasitism on Behavioral Thermoregulation in the Tropical lizards Anolis cybotes (Squamata: Dactyloidae) and Anolis armouri (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Breviora 545 (1): 1-13. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1934. Herpetological collections made in Hispaniola by the Utowana Expedition. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 163-188 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Lenart L A. Parmerlee J S Jr. Powell R. 1995. Anolis armouri. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (607): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Lenart, Lori A.; Powell, Robert; Parmelee, John S., Jr; Smith, Donald D.; Lathrop, Amy 1994. The diet and a gastric parasite of Anolis armouri, a cybotid anole from montane pine forests in southern Hispaniola. Herpetological Natural History 2 (2): 97-100
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. 1989. A review of the Cybotoid Anoles (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 78: 1-32
  • Williams, E. E. 1963. Anolis whitemani, new species from Hispaniola (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (197): 1-8 - get paper here
 
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