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Anolis auratus DAUDIN, 1802

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGrass Anole 
SynonymAnolis auratus DAUDIN 1802: 89
Anolis doré DAUDIN 1802: 89 (fide O’SHAUGHNESSY 1869: 185)
Draconura Nitzschii WIEGMANN 1834: 16
Norops auratus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 82
Draconura 12-striata BERTHOLD 1840: 62
Draconura bertholdi FITZINGER 1843: 70 (nom. subst. for Draconura 12-striata)
Laemanctus (Norops) auratus — FITZINGER 1843 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Norops auratus — GRAY 1845: 207
Norops macrodactylus HALLOWELL 1856: 222
Norops duodecim-striatus — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1869: 191
Norops duodecimstriatus - COPE 1876: 169
Norops auratus - BOULENGER 1885: 95
Anolis rosenbergii BOULENGER 1896: 16
Anolis auratus — PETERS et al. 1970: 48
Anolis auratus auratus - HOEGMOED 1973: 99
Anolis auratus sipaliwinensis HOOGMOED 1973: 107
Anolis auratus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Norops auratus — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops auratus — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops auratus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama, Venezuela (Falcon, Cojedes),
Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana,
Brazil (Amazonas, Pará)

Type locality: “Tropical America”, restricted to Surinam by SCHMIDT 1939. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unknown (AVILA-PIRES 1995)
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 7801-02 [Norops macrodactylus HALLOWELL 1856] 
CommentSynonymy after Peters et al. 1970 and Avila-Pires 1995.

Type species: Anolis auratus DAUDIN 1802 is the type species of the genus Norops WAGLER 1830. Selected as the senior synonym over Draconura Wagler, 1833 by Savage and Guyer (1991:303). Note that this genus also contains fossil species such as Norops electrum (LAZELL 1965), fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012.

Diagnosis (genus). Support for this genus is from 57 apomorphies including nine morphological and 48 molecular ones. There are four unequivocal morphological apomorphies: mean number of ventral scales in 5% of snout-to-vent length increased (20: q to r); anterolaterally directed transverse processes on autotomic caudal vertebrae (beta condition) (49: 0 to 1); nasal overlaps lateral edge of premaxilla (77: a to z); and posterior suture of dentary usually pronged (83: a to n). There are 28 unequivocal molecular apomorphies (see Appendix II, Nicholson et al. 2012).

Distribution: Not listed for Ecuador by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001.

Genomics: Marc Tollis et al. (Arizona State University) presented a draft genome assembly of this species at SICB 2014 (see link).

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyThe generic name is from the Greek norops = brilliant or gleaming with reference to the bright color of the type species and is a translation of the Latin specific name of that species. In this case, Norops is an adjective used as a noun and is in the masculine gender as indicated by the original describer (Wagler, 1830). Norops is masculine in gender. 
References
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