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Anolis barkeri (SCHMIDT, 1939)

IUCN Red List - Anolis barkeri - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Barker's Anole
S: Abaniquillo Arroyero 
SynonymNorops barkeri SCHMIDT 1939
Norops barkeri — LINER 1994
Norops barkeri — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Anolis barkeri — POWELL & BIRT 2001
Norops barkeri — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis barkeri — LINER 2007
Norops barkeri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionSE Mexico (Tabasco [HR 29: 248], Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas)

Type locality: Cascajal, Upper Uzpanapa River, Vera Cruz, Mexico  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentIllustration on back cover of Iguana (Rundschreiben) 15 (1).

Diagnosis. A large Anolis with compressed body, allied to Anolis jacare. A very large throat-fan; the supraorbital semicircles well developed, separated by two or three scales; occipital enlarged, separated from the semicircles by four scales; dorsal scales small, keeled; laterals smaller, smooth, and ventrals a little larger, keeled; tail compressed, with two rows of scales forming the dorsal carination;
a light lateral stripe.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Habitat: semi-aquatic; Anolis barkeri is perhaps the most distinctive species of Mexican Anolis, related to its semi-aquatic lifestyle. It is found along clear, fast-moving streams and rivers. A. barkeri escapes pursuers by diving and swimming. This unusual ecology is paralleled by morphological traits such as nearly nonexistent toepads, a long narrow body, and a strongly compressed tail with two middorsal rows of scales (Gray et al. 2016). 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the holotype, R. Wright Barker. 
References
  • Baker, R. H., WEBB, R. G., & STERN, E. 1971. Amphibians, reptiles, and mammals from North-Central Chiapas. An. Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton., México 42, Ser. Zool. 1:77-86
  • Brandon, R. A., ALTIG, R. G., & ALBERT, E. H. 1966. Anolis barkeri in Chiapas, México. Herpetologica 22 (2): 156-57. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Gray, Levi; Meza-Lázaro, Rubi; Poe, Steven; de Oca, Adrián Nieto-Montes 2016. A new species of semiaquatic Anolis (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from Oaxaca and Veracruz, Mexico The Herpetological Journal 26 (4): 253-262 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Meyer, J. R. 1968. Distribution and variation of the Mexican lizard, Anolis barkeri Schmidt (Iguanidae), with redescription of the species. Copeia 1968 (1): 89-95 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert and Randy A. Birt 2001. Anolis barkeri Schmidt Barker's Anole, Abaniquillo Arroyero. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (727): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Reynoso-Rosales, Voctor Hugo;Valdespino-Torres, Claudia S.;Mendoza-Quijano, Fernando 1998. Geographic distribution. Anolis barkeri. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 248 - get paper here
  • Robinson, Douglas C. 1962. Notes on the lizard Anolis barkeri Schmidt. Copeia 1962 (3): 640-642 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. A new lizard from Mexico with a note on the genus Norops. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 7-10. - get paper here
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75
 
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