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Anolis brasiliensis VANZOLINI & WILLIAMS, 1970

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBrazilian Anole 
SynonymAnolis chrysolepis brasiliensis VANZOLINI & WILLIAMS 1970
Anolis chrysolepis - AMARAL 1937: 1722
Norops nitens brasiliensis - SAVAGE & GUYER 1991: 366
Anolis nitens brasiliensis - AVILA-PIRES 1995
Anolis nitens brasiliensis — VITT et al. 2002
Anolis brasiliensis — BORGES-NOJOSA & CARAMASCHI 2003
Anolis brasiliensis — LANGSTROTH 2005
Anolis brasiliensis — D’ANGIOLELLA et al. 2011
Norops brasiliensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Pará, Tocantins, Piauí, Maranhão, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Distrito Federal, Ceará)

Type locality: Mato Grosso do Norte, Barra do Tapirapes, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 10319 
CommentDistribution: A. (nitens) brasiliensis probably also in Bolivia (fide LANGSTROTH 2005).

Description. Maximum SVL 69 mm. Double row of enlarged vertebral scales from nape to base of tail; few to several rows of dorsal scales with weak keels, increasing in number caudally, grad- ually transitioning between double row of enlarged scales and granules on flanks. Scales of upper arms markedly larger than vertebral scales. Scales on snout from moderately keeled to smooth, heteroge- neous in size, with no distinction between anterior and posterior scales. Supraorbital semicircles with enlarged, generally smooth scales. Supraocular region with most scales large and weakly keeled, surrounded by small scales. Interparietal distinctly larger than adjacent scales [from D’ANGIOLELLA et al. 2011].

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • D'angiolella, Annelise B.; Tony Gamble, Teresa C. S. Avila-Pires, Guarino R. Colli, Brice P. Noonan, and Laurie J. Vitt 2011. Anolis chrysolepis Duméril and Bibron, 1837 (Squamata: Iguanidae), Revisited: Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Anolis chrysolepis Species Group. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 160 (2): 35-63. - get paper here
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Mesquita, Daniel O.; Costa, Gabriel C.; Figueredo, Adriano S.; Fran?a, Frederico G.R.; Garda, Adrian A.; Bello Soares, Ana H.; Tavares-Bastos, Leonora; Vasconcellos, Mariana M.; Vieira, Gustavo H.C.; Vitt, Laurie J.; Werneck, Fernanda P.; Wiederhecke 2015. The autecology of Anolis brasiliensis (Squamata, Dactyloidae) in a Neotropical Savanna The Herpetological Journal 25 (4): 233-244 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Savage,J.M. & Guyer,C. 1991. Nomenclatural notes on Anoles (Sauria: Polychridae): stability over priority. Journal of Herpetology 25 (3): 365-366 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini,P.E. & Williams,E.E. 1970. South American anoles: the geographic differentiation and evolution of the Anolis chrysolepis species group (Sauria, Iguanidae). Arq. Zool. (São Paulo) 19: 1-298 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
 
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