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Anolis carlliebi KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ, 2014

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Carl Lieb’s Anole 
SynonymAnolis carlliebi KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014: 70
Anolis nebuloides — SMITH 1939
Anolis quercorum — RAMIREZ-BAUTISTA et al. 2002
Anolis quercorum — RAMIREZ-BAUTISTA 2003
Anolis quercorum — CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ & GUTIÉRREZ-MAYÉN 2006
Anolis quercorum — CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ & GUTIÉRREZ-MAYÉN 2010
Anolis carliebi — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 (in error) 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: Ixtlán de Juárez, university campus (17.316350°N, 96.483470°W, WGS84), 1945 m, Estado de Oaxaca, Mexico  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 96714, an adult female; collected 13 June 2013 by Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez. Field tag number GK-4501.
Paratypes. All from the Mexican state of Oaxaca: GK-4502 (IBH uncatalogued), same collecting data as holotype; UMMZ 99820 (two specimens), from Ixtlán de Juárez, collected 11 May 1947 by Hellmuth Wagner; UTA R-8421, from 0.9 mi N (by road) El Cerezal on Mexican Hwy 175, Sierra Aloapaneca, by Jonathan A. Campbell; UTA R-52816–17, from Tutepetongo, Municipio Cuicatlán, 17.732°N, 96.866°W, 1619 m, by Eric N. Smith; MVZ 164275–76, from Ixtlán de Juárez, Vivero Rancho Teja, 17°19’50’’N, 96°29’14’’W.
GK-4502 (IBH uncatalogued), MVZ 144181, 164275–76, and UMMZ 99820 are adult females, UTA R-52816 is an adult male, and UTA R-8421 is a subadult male. 
CommentSynonymy: after KÖHLER et al. 2014

Diagnosis. A small species (our Species B of the Anolis quercorum complex, see above; SVL in largest male 46.0 mm, largest female 41.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. quercorum and a species described below (our Species C of the A. quercorum complex) by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 10–12 rows of slightly to moderately enlarged dorsal scales that are smaller than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to ear opening or to a point between ear opening and eye, ratio shank length/SVL 0.23–0.25; (5) circumnasal usually in contact with first supralabial; and (6) a large pink dewlap in males and a very small red or pink dewlap in females. Anolis carlliebi differs from A. quercorum and the species described below (our Species C of the A. quercorum complex) in the ranges and average values of several morphometric and pholidotic characters (see Table 9), most obvious in (1) number of middorsal scales in one head length; and (2) ratio shank length/HL. Also, Anolis carlliebi differs from A. quercorum and the species described below (our Species C of the A. quercorum complex) in hemipenis morphology (hemipenis unilobed in A. carlliebi vs. slightly to distinctly bilobed in the other two species) and by substantial genetic distances. 
EtymologyThe name carlliebi is a patronym honoring Carl S. Lieb who has contributed substantially to our knowledge of Mexican anoles. 
References
  • Canseco-Márquez, L. & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2006. Guía del campo de los anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Zapotitlán, Puebla. Sociedad Herpetológica Mexicana, A. C. Escuela de Biología, BUAP, 78 pp
  • Canseco-Márquez, L., & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, México D.F., Mexico, 302 pp
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2015. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species: Addendum. Zootaxa 3914 (4): 483–489 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2015. Liste der im Jahr 2014 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (3): 50-64 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Ramírez-Bautista, A. et al. 2002. Reproductive data for Anolis quercorum, a little-known anole from Zapotitlán de las Salinas, Puebla, México. Herpetological Review 33 (4): 269-271 - get paper here
  • Ramírez-Bautista, A., Oliver-Lopez, L. & Mata-Silva, V. 2002. Anolis quercorum (Gray Anole). General Ecology. Herpetological Review 33: 203–204 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. Notes on Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (4): 15-35 - get paper here
 
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