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Anolis chlorocyanus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorthern Hispaniolan green anole, Hispaniolan green anole 
SynonymAnolis chloro-cyanus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 117
Dactyloa (Xiphosurus) chlorocyana — FITZINGER 1843: 67
Anolis bullaris — GRAY 1845: 206 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Anolis laeviceps LICHTENSTEIN 1856: 7
Anolis (Ctenocercus) coelestinus COPE 1863 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Anolis chlorocyanus — BOULENGER 1885: 44
Anolis chlorocyanus — FISCHER 1888: 30
Anolis chlorocyanus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 235
Anolis chlorocyanus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx chlorocyana — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis chlorocyanus — KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 
DistributionE Hispaniola (Dominican Republic: north of the Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba, extending into that plain locally; Massif de la Selle (local); Île de la Gonâve, Île de la Tortue, Isla Saona)
USA (introduced to Florida)
Suriname (introduced)

Type locality: Martinique (in error) and St.-Domingue. Neotype locality: “El Limón, Península Samaná (19.28929, -69.43118), 30 m, Province Samaná, Dominican Republic”  
ReproductionGarcia et al. (1994) documented hybridization between A. chlorocyanus and A. coelestinus. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 785, MNHN 787, MNHN 2007.2406-8, 2007.2066–09 (fide Köhler & Hedges 2016: 5); these syntypes of A. chlorocyanus have the diagnostic traits of the taxonomic species traditionally referred to as A. coelestinus. Köhler & Hedges, 2015 have petitioned the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) to use its plenary power to set aside the type status of the syntypes of Anolis chlorocyanus in order to stabilize the current and long established usage of the names A. chlorocyanus and A. coelestinus.
Neotype: SMF 97845 designated by Köhler & Hedges 2015. 
CommentIllustrations: Mertens, 1939; Mertens, 1940; Cochran, 1941; Williams, 1965; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Distribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 58 (Fig. 40).

Similar species: A. chlorcyanus has been split up into 4 similar species by KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016, namely A. chlorocyanus, A. cyanostictus, A. leucodera, and A. peynadoi.

Subspecies: Anolis chlorocyanus cyanostictus MERTENS 1939 and Anolis chlorocyanus peynadoi MERTENS 1939 have been elevated to full species status by KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016.

Conservation. Given its usual abundance wherever this species occurs along with its relatively large geographical range, we consider the conservation status of Anolis chlorocyanus to be Least Concern based on the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN, 2012).

Synonymy: partly fide SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988.

Species group: Deiroptyx chlorocyana species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Butterfield, Brian P.;French, Daniel R.;Fears, Scott R.;Hargreaves, Michelle D.;Lewis, Angela J.;Roby, Christine D.;Hood, Leah M.;Robinson, Jennifer R. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Anolis carolinensis. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 95 - get paper here
  • Butterfield, Brian P.;Meshaka, Walter E., Jr.;Kilhefner, Roger L. 1994. Two anoles new to Broward County, Florida. Herpetological Review 25 (2): 77-78 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
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  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
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  • Helmus, Matthew R.; Jocelyn E. Behm, Wendy A.M. Jesse, Jason J. Kolbe,Jacintha Ellers, and Jonathan B. Losos 2016. EXOTICS EXHIBIT MORE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY THAN NATIVES: A COMPARISON OF THE ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF EXOTIC AND NATIVE ANOLE LIZARDS. In: Invasion Genetics: The Baker and Stebbins Legacy, First Edition. Edited by Spencer C. H. Barrett, Robert I. Colautti, Katrina M. Dlugosch, and Loren H. Rieseberg; John Wiley & Sons, pp. 122-138 (publication year given as 2017 in the book) - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & S. B. Hedges. 2015. Case 3672. Anolis chlorocyanus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 and Anolis coelestinus Cope, 1862 (Reptilia, Squamata): proposed conservation of the specific names and designation of a neotype for A. chlorocyanus. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 72 (1): 45–49
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kolbe, J.J.; Richard E. GLOR, LOURDES RODRIGUEZ SCHETTINO, ADA CHAMIZO LARA, ALLAN LARSON AND JONATHAN B. LOSOS 2007. Multiple Sources, Admixture, and Genetic Variation in Introduced Anolis Lizard Populations. Conservation Biology 21 (6): 1612–1625 - get paper here
  • Landestoy, Miguel A. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Anolis chlorocyanus (northern green anole). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 215
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  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
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  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
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