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Anolis coelestinus COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesHispaniolan green anole, Jeremie Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Ctenocercus) coelestinus COPE 1862: 177
Anolis bullaris — GRAY 1845 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus — BOULENGER 1885 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus — BARBOUR 1914 (in part.)
Anolis latirostris SCHMIDT 1919 (fide THOMAS 1966)
Anolis coelestinus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 238
Anolis coelestinus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Ameiva coelestinus — GEIßLER 2008 (in error)
Deiroptyx coelestina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx coelestina coelestina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis coelestinus — KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 
DistributionHispaniola (S Haiti: W Tiburón Peninsula)

Type locality: Near Jérémie, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.  
ReproductionGarcia et al. (1994) documented hybridization between A. chlorocyanus and A. coelestinus. 
TypesLectotype: MCZ 3347; others unlocated
Holotype: AMNH 12598, Navassa Island (in error) [latirostris] 
CommentSynonymy: mostly after KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 18.

Similar species: Anolis coelestinus, A. viridius, A. chlorodius, A. demissus, A. pecuarius.

Subspecies: Anolis coelestinus demissus SCHWARTZ 1969 and Anolis coelestinus pecuarius SCHWARTZ 1969 have been elevated to full species status by KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016. Other populations of coelestinus have been described as new species, A. viridius and A. chlorodius.

Illustrations: Schmidt, 1921 (as Anolis latirostris); Cochran, 1941; Williams, 1965; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Distribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 22 (Fig. 10).

Species group: Deiroptyx chlorocyana species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Garcia R. Queral A. Powell R. Parmerlee J S Jr. Smith D D. Lathrop A. 1994. Evidence of hybridization among green anoles (Lacertilia: Polychrotidae) from Hispaniola. Carib. J. Sci. 30 (3-4): 279- 281.
  • Geißler, L. 2008. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Halbinsel Barahona, Dominikanische Republik. Elaphe 16 (1): 48-52
  • Hedges SB. 2010. Anolis coelestinus (Southern Green Anole). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 7: 1 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Ramos, Yanerys M. and Robert Powell 2001. Anolis coelestinus Cope. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (729): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová, Martina Pokorná and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2014. CONSERVED SEX CHROMOSOMES ACROSS ADAPTIVELY RADIATED ANOLIS LIZARDS. Evolution, DOI: 10.1111/evo.12357 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1919. Descriptions of new amphibians and reptiles from Santo Domingo and Navassa. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41:519-525.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1921. The herpetology of Navassa Island. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44(18): 555-559
  • Schwartz, A. 1969. A review of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis coelestinus Cope. Carib. J. Sci. 9 (1-2): 33-38.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • SIFERS,SUSAN M.; MELISSA L. YESKA; YANERYS M. RAMOS ROBERT POWELL AND JOHN S. PARMERLEE, JR. 2001. Anolis Lizards Restricted to Altered Edge Habitats in a Hispaniolan Cloud Forest. Carib. J. Sci. 37 (1-2): 55-62
  • Thomas, R. 1966. A reassessment of the Virgin Islands Typhlops with the description of two new subspecies. Revista de Biologia Tropical 13:187-201 [1965] - get paper here
  • Vences, M. 2009. Lizard Radiations, in: Gillespie Clague, Encyclopedia of islands. University of California Press, pp. 558-563
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
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