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Anolis crassulus COPE, 1864

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Ornate Anole
S: Abaniquillo Ornado 
SynonymAnolis crassulus COPE 1864: 173
Anolis crassulus — BOULENGER 1885: 80
Anolis crassulus — GÜNTHER 1885: 50 (part.)
Anolis crassulus crassulus — STUART 1942
Norops crassulus - GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Norops crassulus — LINER 1994
Norops crassulus — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops crassulus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis crassulus — LINER 2007
Norops crassulus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops crassulus — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 49 
DistributionGuatemala, SE Mexico (probably Chiapas), Honduras (elevation 1200-2020 m), El Salvador

Type locality: Cobán, Guatemala Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 8023-27, designated as lectosyntypes by Stuart, 1942 
CommentNot listed for Mexico by KÖHLER (2000). Color image on the cover of Iguana-Rundschreiben 16 (2) [2003].

Norops haguei has been previously considered as a synonym or subspecies of N. crassulus.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012). The A. crassulus subgroup contains A. amplisquamosus, A. anisolepis, A. crassulus, A. haguei, A. heteropholidotus, A. morazani, A. muralla, A. rubribarbaris, A. sminthus, and A. wermuthi (HOFMANN & TOWNSEND 2017). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Contributions to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 166-181. - get paper here
  • Hofmann, E. P., & Townsend, J. H. 2017. Origins and biogeography of the Anolis crassulus subgroup (Squamata: Dactyloidae) in the highlands of Nuclear Central America. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17(1), 267 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, Erich Phelan 2017. Cryptic Diversity and Phenotypic Stasis in a Complex of Highland Anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae: Norops Crassulus Subgroup) M.S. Thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & M. OBERMEIER. 1998. A new species of anole of the Norops crassulus group from central Nicaragua (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 77 (2): 127-137.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther, James R. McCranie and Larry David Wilson 2001. A new species of anole from western Honduras (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Herpetologica 57 (3):247-255 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R; Wilson L D; Williams K L 1992. A new species of anole of the Norops crassulus group (Sauria: Polychridae) from northwestern Honduras. Carib. J. Sci. 28 (3-4): 208-215
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1942. Comments on several species of Anolis from Guatemala with descriptions of three new forms. Occ. Pap. Univ. Michigan 464: 1-10.
  • Stuart,L.C. 1955. A brief review of the Guatemalan lizards of the genus Anolis. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan No. 91: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah H.; Larry David Wilson 2009. New Species of Cloud Forest Anolis (Squamata: Polychrotidae) in the crassulus Group from Parque Nacional Montaña de Yoro, Honduras. Copeia, 2009 (1): 62-70 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, J.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the cloud forests of Honduras. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 3 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
 
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