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Anolis cryptolimifrons KÖHLER & SUNYER, 2008

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis cryptolimifrons KÖHLER & SUNYER 2008
Anolis limifrons — POE 2004 (part)
Norops cryptolimifrons — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama (Bocas del Toro Province)

Type locality: Cerro Brujo (9°11’16.4’’N, 82°11’25.4’’W), 10 m elevation, Bocas del Toro Province, Panama.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 85230, an adult male collected 19 January 2006 by Gunther Köhler, Javier Sunyer, Abel A. Batista R. and Marcos Ponce. Field tag number GK 1502. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized species (SVL in largest specimen 45.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe, 2004) that is most similar in external morphology to a cluster of Central American species that are long-legged (longest toe of adpressed hindlimb reaches to mid-eye or beyond), have a single elongated prenasal scale, smooth to slightly keeled ventral scales, and slender habitus, often delicate (i.e., A. apletophallus, A. dollfusianus, A. limifrons, A. ocelloscapularis, A. rodriguezii, A. yoroensis, A. zeus). Within this cluster of species, A. cryptolimifrons is most similar to A. limifrons and A. apletophallus. Anolis cryptolimifrons is readily distinguished from A. limifrons by hemipenis morphology: hemipenis small and unilobed in A. limifrons, large and bilobed in A. cryptolimifrons. Anolis cryptolimifrons differs from A. apletophallus in male dewlap size and color in life (small and dull white with a small basal orange blotch in N. cryptolimifrons versus dewlap large and almost uniformly orange in N. apletophallus). Anolis cryptolimifrons differs from the remaining species in this cluster by the following characteristics (condition for A. cryptolimifrons in parentheses): Anolis dollfusianus: Hemipenis unilobed (bilobed); ventrals weakly keeled (smooth); fewer than 80 dorsals between levels of axilla and groin (more than 87); male dewlap almost uniformly orangeyellow (dull white with a small basal orange blotch). Anolis ocelloscapularis: An ocellated shoulder spot present (absent); ventrals weakly keeled (smooth); male dewlap almost uniformly orange (dull white with a small basal orange blotch). Anolis rodriguezii: Male dewlap almost uniformly orange (dull white with a small basal orange blotch). Anolis yoroensis: Ventrals weakly keeled (smooth); fewer than 87 dorsals between levels of axilla and groin (more than 87); male dewlap almost uniformly orange (dull white with a small basal orange blotch). Anolis zeus: Hemipenis unilobed (bilobed); male dewlap uniformly dull white without a basal orange blotch (basal orange blotch present) [from KÖHLER & SUNYER 2008].

Anolis cryptolimifrons was diagnosed from A. limifrons only in hemipenial structure and is geographically surrounded by A. limifrons (Köhler & Sunyer 2008). Pending evidence of minor hemipenial differences causing reproductive isolation, it seems prudent to regard species such as A. cryptolimifrons with skepticism (L. Gray, in Anole Annals, 10 Oct 2016). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyThe species name cryptolimifrons is used as a noun in apposition and reflects the similarity and suspected close relationship between the new species and its congener Anolis limifrons Cope. 
  • Köhler, Gunther and Javier Sunyer 2008. TWO NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES FORMERLY REFERRED TO AS ANOLIS LIMIFRONS (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 64 (1): 92-108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. & Bolaños, F. 2009. A checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: Additions and nomenclatural revisions. Zootaxa 2005: 1–23 - get paper here
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