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Anolis divius KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis divius KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 
DistributionDominican Republic (Pedernales)

Type locality: Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, Canote–El Alcajé road (18.17612, -71.57349), elevation 1810 m, Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 97970, an adult male; collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. Field tag number GK-4868.
Paratypes. All from Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic: SMF 97968, Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, Canote–El Alcajé road (18.18329, -71.57446), 1925 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez; SMF 97969, from Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, Canote–El Alcajé road (18.18652, -71.57501), 1950 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. SMF 98170 (KJ566847, KJ566901), USNM 558717, Caseta Dos, ca. 22 km N Aceitillar by road (18.20753, -71.53380), 1750 m, collected 25 August 2005 by S. Blair Hedges, M. Heinicke, N. Corona. SMF 98171, ca. 12 km N Aceitillar by road (18.20348, -71.56052), 2045 m, collected 25 August 2005 by Eladio Fernández. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).

Conservation. Given its small geographic range and continuing threat from deforestation, KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 consider the conservation status of Anolis divius to be Endangered based on criterion B1ab (iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN, 2012).

Diagnosis. A moderate-sized to moderately large species of Anolis that differs from all other Hispaniolan congeners except A. aliniger, A. singularis, and the species described below by the combination of having (1) predominantly blue or green overall coloration in life (capable of rapid color change to brown); (2) 10–18 loreal scales in 2–4 rows (3) relatively short hind legs (fourth toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to ear opening or only slightly beyond ear opening); (4) the ventral scales at midbody smooth; (5) <38 subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV of hind limbs; (6) male dewlap yellowish green or brown (after metachrosis) in life with longitudinal single rows of gorgetal scales or gorgetals not arranged in rows, central gorgetal scales about the same size as those on posterior portion of dewlap; and (7) a relatively short tail (ratio tail length/SVL <1.7). Among the Anolis species occuring treated in this contribution, A. divius is most similar to A. aliniger, A. singularis, and the species described below from which it differs by its predominantly blue coloration of tail and legs—in some male individuals of the whole body—in life (vs. predominatly green in life); however, all of these species are capable of rapid metachrosis to brown. Anolis divius differs further from A. aliniger by usually having fewer than 16 total loreal scales (vs. usually more than 16 in A. aliniger) usually lacking a black axillary blotch (vs. such a blotch usually present in A. aliniger) and by having a pale blue to grayish blue iris in life (vs. brown to reddish brown in A. aliniger). Anolis divius differs from A. singularis by having the sublabial scales much larger than median scales adjacent to them (vs. sublabial scales about the same size as scales medially adjacent to this row in A. singularis) and by its much larger adult size, reaching 68 mm SVL in males and 55 mm SVL in females (vs. only known adult male of A. singularis 40 mm SVL). For differences between A. divius and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species. 
EtymologyThe name divius is the neuter singular nominative comparative of divus (Latin for “divine”, “heavenly”, and refers to the “sky god”), in allusion to the blue coloration of this species. 
References
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten. Neue Saumfinger von Hispaniola: grüne und flechtenfarbige Anolis Terraria-Elaphe (1): 52-53 - get paper here
 
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