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Anolis dominicensis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis dominicensis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 261
Anolis biauritus MEERWARTH 1901: 23
Anolis distichus dominicensis — MERTENS 1938
Anolis distichus albogularis MERTENS 1939: 59
Ctenonotus distichus dominicensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 109
Anolis distichus dominicensis — POWELL et al. 1999: 109
Anolis dominicensis — GLOR & LAPORT 2012
Ctenonotus distichus dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis dominicensis — POE et al. 2017
Anolis dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Ctenonotus dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Anolis distichus dominicensis — HEDGES et al. 2019 
DistributionHispaniola, throughout much of Haiti and República Dominicana with exception of ranges of other mainland Hispaniolan subspecies; isolated population in Azua and Barahona provinces;

Type locality: Haiti; restricted to the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Departement de I'Ouest, Haiti by Schwartz, 1968: 274.

Possibly on Île de la Tortue;

USA: introduced in southeast Florida.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMUC 37114-15, (given as UZM by Schwartz & Henderson 1988: 109), allotypes in ZMUC
Syntypes: ZMH 1486a-c (given as HZM by Schwartz & Henderson 1988: 109) [biauritus]
Holotype: SMF 25855 [albogularis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Anolis brevirostris is listed as a synonym of A. distichus by BOULENGER (1885) but is now considered as a valid species.

Species group: Ctenonotus distichus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Hybridization: intergrades with A. d. ignigularis in Cordillera Central; 
EtymologyNamed after the presence of this species in the Dominican Republic. 
References
  • Glor, Richard E.; Robert G. Laport 2012. Are subspecies of Anolis lizards that differ in dewlap color and pattern also genetically distinct? A mitochondrial analysis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64 (2): 255-260 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Meerwarth, H. 1901. Die westindischen Reptilien und Batrachier des naturhistorischen Museums In Hamburg. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg 18: 1-41. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Amphibien und Reptilien aus Santo Domingo, gesammelt von Prof. Dr. H. Böker. Senckenbergiana 20 (5): 332-342
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven; Adrián Nieto-montes de Oca, Omar Torres-carvajal, Kevin De Queiroz, Julián A. Velasco, Brad Truett, Levi N. Gray, Mason J. Ryan, Gunther Köhler, Fernando Ayala-varela, Ian Latella 2017. A Phylogenetic, Biogeographic, and Taxonomic study of all Extant Species of Anolis (Squamata; Iguanidae). Syst Biol 2017: syx029 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168
  • Reinhardt, JOHANNES & CHRISTIAN FREDERIK LÜTKEN 1862. Bidrag tii det vestindiske Öriges og navnligen tii de dansk-vestindiske Oers Herpetologie. Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. For. Kjöbenhavn (10-18): 153-291 [1862] - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
 
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