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Anolis dominicensis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis dominicensis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 261
Anolis biauritus MEERWARTH 1901: 23
Anolis distichus albogularis MERTENS 1939: 59
Ctenonotus distichus dominicensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 109
Anolis distichus dominicensis — POWELL et al. 1999: 109
Anolis dominicensis — GLOR & LAPORT 2012
Ctenonotus distichus dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis dominicensis — POE et al. 2017
Anolis dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Ctenonotus dominicensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola, throughout much of Haiti and República Dominicana with exception of ranges of other mainland Hispaniolan subspecies; isolated population in Azua and Barahona provinces;

Type locality: Haiti; restricted to the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Departement de I'Ouest, Haiti by Schwartz, 1968: 274.

Possibly on Île de la Tortue;

USA: introduced in southeast Florida.  
TypesSyntypes: ZMUC 37114-15, (given as UZM by Schwartz & Henderson 1988: 109), allotypes in ZMUC
Syntypes: ZMH 1486a-c (given as HZM by Schwartz & Henderson 1988: 109) [biauritus]
Holotype: SMF 25855 [albogularis] 
CommentSynonymy: Anolis brevirostris is listed as a synonym of A. distichus by BOULENGER (1885) but is now considered as a valid species.

Species group: Ctenonotus distichus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Hybridization: intergrades with A. d. ignigularis in Cordillera Central; 
EtymologyNamed after the presence of this species in the Dominican Republic. 
  • Glor, Richard E.; Robert G. Laport 2012. Are subspecies of Anolis lizards that differ in dewlap color and pattern also genetically distinct? A mitochondrial analysis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64 (2): 255-260 - get paper here
  • Meerwarth, H. 1901. Die westindischen Reptilien und Batrachier des naturhistorischen Museums In Hamburg. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg 18: 1-41. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven; Adrián Nieto-montes de Oca, Omar Torres-carvajal, Kevin De Queiroz, Julián A. Velasco, Brad Truett, Levi N. Gray, Mason J. Ryan, Gunther Köhler, Fernando Ayala-varela, Ian Latella 2017. A Phylogenetic, Biogeographic, and Taxonomic study of all Extant Species of Anolis (Squamata; Iguanidae). Syst Biol 2017: syx029 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168
  • Reinhardt, JOHANNES & CHRISTIAN FREDERIK LÜTKEN 1862. Bidrag tii det vestindiske Öriges og navnligen tii de dansk-vestindiske Oers Herpetologie. Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. For. Kjöbenhavn (10-18): 153-291 [1862] - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
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