Anolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis eladioi?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Anolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 96|
Anolis singularis WILLIAMS 1965: 9
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & INCHAUSTEGUI 1984 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.)
|Distribution||Dominican Republic (Pedernales)|
Type locality: Los Arroyos (18.23679, -71.75261), 1265 m elevation, Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic
|Types||Holotype. SMF 97971, an adult male; collected 30 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Eladio Fernández. Field tag number GK-4808.|
Paratypes. All from Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic: SMF 97984 (KJ566864, KJ566909), 97985, 97986 (KJ566865, KJ566910), 97987–89, 97991 (KJ566866, KJ566911), 97993, 97995, 97996 (KJ566868, KJ566913), 98032, 98193–94, same collecting data as holotype. KU 253064, 1 km N Los Arroyos, collected 27 May 1969 by J. A. Rogers jr. KU 216091, 2.6 mi S Los Arroyos, collected 25 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216089, 5 km NE Los Arroyos, collected 27 June 1964 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216092, 7 km N Cabeza de Agua, collected 20 December 1976 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. MCZ R-150005, 100 m E km 25 marker, Alcoa Road, collector and collecting date unknown. SMF 97990, 97994 (KJ566867, KJ566912), Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, La Charca (18.12103, -71.59775), 1150 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. USNM 558718 (KJ566846, KJ566900), Mencia- Altagracia road, 1 km S Altagracia (18.18342, -71.72837), 700 m, collected at unknown date by local collectors.
|Comment||Distribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).|
Conservation. Given its presumably small geographic range, KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 consider the conservation status of Anolis eladioi to be Critically Endangered based on criterion B1ab (iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN 2012).
Diagnosis. A moderate-sized to moderately large species of Anolis that differs from all other Hispaniolan congeners except A. aliniger, A. divius, A. singularis, and the species described below by the combination of having (1) predominantly green overall coloration in life (capable of rapid color change to brown); (2) no white subocular stripe and no white streak onto lateral neck (3) relatively short hind legs (fourth toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to ear opening or only slightly beyond ear opening); (4) the ventral scales at midbody smooth; (5) <38 subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV of hind limbs; (6) male dewlap yellowish green or brown (after metachrosis) in life with longitudinal single rows of gorgetal scales or gorgetals not arranged in rows, central gorgetal scales smaller than those on posterior portion of dewlap; and (7) a relatively short tail (ratio tail length/SVL <1.7). Among the Anolis species occuring treated in this contribution, A. eladioi is most similar to A. aliniger, A. divius, A. singularis, and the species described below. Anolis eladioi differs from A. aliniger by the lack of a black axillary blotch (vs. such a blotch usually present in) and by having a pale blue to grayish blue iris in life (vs. brown to reddish brown in A. aliniger). Anolis eladioi differs from A. singularis (1) by usually having the sublabial scales much larger than median scales adjacent to them (vs. sublabial scales about the same size as scales medially adjacent to this row in A. singularis) and (2) by having the two median dorsal scale rows only slightly enlarged, usually less than twice the size of the adjacent scales (vs. the two median dorsal scale rows distinctly enlarged, about twice the size of the adjacent scales in A. singularis). Anolis eladioi differs from A. divius by having the central gorgetal scales smaller than those on posterior portion of dewlap (vs. central gorgetals about subequal in size as those on posterior portion of dewlap in A. divius), and by having an overall green coloration (vs. some body parts pale to bright blue in A. divius). For differences between A. eladioi and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species.
|Etymology||The name eladioi is a patronym honoring Eladio Fernández, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, who first alerted SBH to this species.|
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