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Anolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 96
Anolis singularis WILLIAMS 1965: 9
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & INCHAUSTEGUI 1984 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.) 
DistributionDominican Republic (Pedernales)

Type locality: Los Arroyos (18.23679, -71.75261), 1265 m elevation, Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic  
TypesHolotype. SMF 97971, an adult male; collected 30 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Eladio Fernández. Field tag number GK-4808.
Paratypes. All from Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic: SMF 97984 (KJ566864, KJ566909), 97985, 97986 (KJ566865, KJ566910), 97987–89, 97991 (KJ566866, KJ566911), 97993, 97995, 97996 (KJ566868, KJ566913), 98032, 98193–94, same collecting data as holotype. KU 253064, 1 km N Los Arroyos, collected 27 May 1969 by J. A. Rogers jr. KU 216091, 2.6 mi S Los Arroyos, collected 25 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216089, 5 km NE Los Arroyos, collected 27 June 1964 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216092, 7 km N Cabeza de Agua, collected 20 December 1976 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. MCZ R-150005, 100 m E km 25 marker, Alcoa Road, collector and collecting date unknown. SMF 97990, 97994 (KJ566867, KJ566912), Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, La Charca (18.12103, -71.59775), 1150 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. USNM 558718 (KJ566846, KJ566900), Mencia- Altagracia road, 1 km S Altagracia (18.18342, -71.72837), 700 m, collected at unknown date by local collectors. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).

Conservation. Given its presumably small geographic range, KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 consider the conservation status of Anolis eladioi to be Critically Endangered based on criterion B1ab (iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN 2012). 
EtymologyThe name eladioi is a patronym honoring Eladio Fernández, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, who first alerted SBH to this species. 
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12.
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
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