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Anolis equestris MERREM, 1820

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAnolis equestris equestris MERREM 1820
Anolis equestris brujensis GARRIDO 2001
Anolis equestris buidei SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris cincoleguas GARRIDO 1981
Anolis equestris cyaneus GARRIDO & ESTRADA 2001
Anolis equestris juraguensis SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris persparsus SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris potior SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Anolis equestris sabinalensis GARRIDO & MORENO 2001
Anolis equestris thomasi SCHWARTZ 1958
Anolis equestris verreonensis SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972 
Common NamesE: Knight anole
G: Ritteranolis 
SynonymAnolis equestris MERREM 1820: 45
Xiphosurus equestris — FITZINGER 1826
Anolius rhodolaemus BELL 1827: 235
Anolis equestris — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 157
Anolis equestris — BOULENGER 1885: 21
Anolis equestris — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 91
Anolis equestris — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 256
Anolis equestris — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 180
Anolis equestris — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx equestris — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris equestris MERREM 1820
Anolis equestris equestris — GARRIDO 1981: 12
Deiroptyx equestris equestris — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris brujensis GARRIDO 2001
Deiroptyx equestris brujensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris buidei SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris buidei — GARRIDO 1981: 12
Deiroptyx equestris buidei — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris cincoleguas GARRIDO 1981
Anolis equestris cincoleguas GARRIDO 1981: 3
Deiroptyx equestris cincoleguas — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris cyaneus GARRIDO & ESTRADA 2001
Deiroptyx equestris — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris juraguensis SCHWARTZ and GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris juraguensis — GARRIDO 1981: 13
Deiroptyx equestris juraguensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris persparsus SCHWARTZ and GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris persparsus — GARRIDO 1981: 12
Deiroptyx equestris persparsa — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris potior SCHWARTZ and THOMAS 1975
Anolis equestris potior — GARRIDO 1981: 13
Deiroptyx equestris potior — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris sabinalensis GARRIDO & MORENO 2001
Deiroptyx equestris sabinalensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris thomasi SCHWARTZ 1958
Anolis equestris thomasi SCHWARTZ 1958: 3
Anolis equestris thomasi — VAN BEEST & HABERHAM 2003
Deiroptyx equestris thomasi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis equestris verreonensis SCHWARTZ and GARRIDO 1972
Anolis equestris verreonensis — GARRIDO 1981: 13
Deiroptyx equestris verreonensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionCuba, Saint Barthélemy, Bahamas

USA (introduced to S Florida and Hawaii),
Introduced to Turks and Caicos Islands.

Anolis equestris equestris: western Cuba from Pinar del Rio Province to Villa Clara Province, where intergrades with A. e. persparsus; introduced in southeastern Florida and the Upper Florida Keys. Type locality: Unknown; restricted by Schwartz and Garrido, 1972, to the vicinity of La Habana, La Habana Province, Cuba.

brujensis: Cuba (Sabana-Camagüey); Type locality: Cuba, Cayo Las Brujas, Archipielago de Sabana-Camagüey, provincia de Villa Clara.

buidei: Peninsula de Hicacos, northern Matanzas Province.

cincoleguas: Cayo Cinco Leguas, Matanzas Province.

cyaneus: Cuba (Sabana-Camagüey); Type locality: Cayo Coco Archipielago de Sabana-Camagüey, provincia de Ciego de Avila.

juraguensis: southern Cienfuegos Province.

persparsus: throughout most of Villa Clara and Sancti Spirites provinces.

potior: Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey.

sabinalensis: Cuba (Sabana-Camagüey); Type locality: Lorna de la Alegria, Cayo Sabinal, archipieIago de Sabana-Camagüey, provincia de Camagüey

thomasi: Ciego de Àvila and Camagüey provinces, east to Holguin Province.

verreonensis: extreme southwestern Granma Province.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from N San Diego de los Baños and Andrés (Pinar del Rio Province), Cayo Guajaba (Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey), Finca La Celia, Bayamo, Santiago de Cuba of unconfirmed subspecies. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unknown (SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991)
Holotype: IES CZACC 43775, IZ-2727 [brujensis]
Holotype: IZ 1294 [buidei]
Holotype: IZ 5398 [cincoleguas]
Holotype: MNHNCu-495 [cyaneus]
Holotype: IZ 1152 [juraguensis]
Holotype: AMNH 78116 [persparsus]
Holotype: IZ 3098 [potior]
Holotype: MNHNCu-2927, adult male [sabinalensis]
Holotype: AMNH 78148 [thomasi]
Holotype: IZ 488 [verreonensis] 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Schwartz, 1964; Conant and Collins 1991; Vogel, 1966; Peters and Schubert, 1968; Schwartz and Garrido, 1972; Garrido, 1975; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Type species: Anolis equestris Merrem, 1820 is the type species of the genus Eupristis (SAVAGE & GUYER 2004). Note that this genus contains at least one fossil species, Deiroptyx dominicana (RIEPPEL 1980), fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012.

Species group: Deiroptyx equestris species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Map: Rodriguez-Schettino 1999: 181, Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 257.

Karyotype: 2n=36, XY (males) or XX (females) (Giovannotti et al. 2016) 
References
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  • Bell,T. 1827. Zoological Journal: 235
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  • Helmus, Matthew R.; Jocelyn E. Behm, Wendy A.M. Jesse, Jason J. Kolbe,Jacintha Ellers, and Jonathan B. Losos 2016. EXOTICS EXHIBIT MORE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY THAN NATIVES: A COMPARISON OF THE ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF EXOTIC AND NATIVE ANOLE LIZARDS. In: Invasion Genetics: The Baker and Stebbins Legacy, First Edition. Edited by Spencer C. H. Barrett, Robert I. Colautti, Katrina M. Dlugosch, and Loren H. Rieseberg; John Wiley & Sons, pp. 122-138 (publication year given as 2017 in the book) - get paper here
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  • Marrero, Ruben; Javier Torres, and Tomás M. Rodríguez-Cabrera 2016. Winter aggregation in Anolis equestris and A. lucius (Squamata: Dactyloidae), two territorial species from Cuba Phyllomedusa 15 (2): 181-186 - get paper here
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  • Meshaka, Walter E.; Jr 2010. Summer anoles, some are not: differences in the activity patterns of Anolis equestris and A. sagrei in South Florida. Anolis Newsletter VI: 145-152
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  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
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  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1972. The lizards of the Anolis equestris complex in Cuba. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 39 (134):1-86. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
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  • Stroud, James T. 2013. Anolis equestris (Cuban knight anole) and Anolis distichus (Hispaniolian bark anole) exotic intraguild predation. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 661
  • Stroud, James T. and Sean T. Giery. 2013. Anolis equestris (Cuban knight anole) nocturnal activity. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 660-661
  • Thawley, Christopher J., Battles, Andrew C., Michaelides, Sozos N. and Kolbe, Jason J. 2017. Anolis equestris (Cuban Knight Anole) Prey Herpetological Review 48 (1): 183-184 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P.A. & Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruiksaanwijzing voor een van de meest interessante groepen terrariumdiern:Anolissen. Deel III. Lacerta 61 (5): 163-176 - get paper here
  • Vogel, Z. 1966. Herpetologische waarnemnigen op Cuba I. Lacerta 24 (7): 54-55. - get paper here
 
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