Anolis fungosus MYERS, 1971
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis fungosus?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Myers' Anole|
|Synonym||Anolis fungosus MYERS 1971|
Norops fungosus — GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Norops fungosus — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops fungosus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis fungosus — KÖHLER et al. 2007
Norops fungosus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
|Distribution||Costa Rica, Panama|
Type locality: Panama, Bocas del Toro, north slope Cerro Pando, Cordillera de Talamanca, 1450 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: KU 113451|
|Diagnosis||DEFINITION AND DIAGNOSIS: A tiny (47 mm. snout to vent in only known specimen, an adult male), short-legged anole of the beta group, having transverse processes on some autotomous caudal vertebrae and a pair of scale-covered, bony parietal protuberances atop rear of head. White fungus-like markings on brown dorsum, red dewlap, brown iris, yellow tongue, and black mouth and throat lining; no color repertory. All scales smooth except some on tail; middorsal caudal scales not raised in serrated crest. Upper trunk with flat granules disposed in ob- lique rows except for about a dozen longitudinal rows on middorsum; belly with slightly larger, conical granules. Plates atop head relatively large, frontal ridges weak, canthal ridges absent; elongated supraciliary scales lacking; no enlarged postanal scales.|
The small size, white-on-brown fungous pattern (fig. 1), and a pair of small but distinct parietal knobs (figs. 2A, 9) immediately distinguish Anolisfungosus from its congeners. The absence of strongly carinate scales on top of the tail (fig. 11) is also useful in separating the species from its geographically close relatives, Anolis pentaprion and A. vociferans. See also the sections on comparisons (from MYERS 1971).
|Comment||Belongs to the pentaprion group which includes seven species: fungosus, ibague, ortonii, pentaprion, sulcifrons, utilensis, and vociferans. Not listed for Costa Rica by KÖHLER (2000).|
Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)
|Etymology||Named after the noun “fungus” plus the suffix “-osus” (abounding in), in reference to the distinctive color pattern.|