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Anolis higuey KÖHLER, ZIMMER, MCGRATH & HEDGES, 2019

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cordillera Oriental Stout Anole 
SynonymAudantia higuey KÖHLER, ZIMMER, MCGRATH & HEDGES 2019: 58
Audantia higuey — KWET 2020 
DistributionDominican Republic

Type locality: Manatí Park Bávaro (18.64735, -68.42858), 20 m, Province La Altagracia, Dominican Republic  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. SMF 97872, an adult male; collected 19 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler. Field tag number GK-4693. Paratypes. SMF 97870 (adult male), 97874 (adult female), same collecting data as holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of the genus Audantia (our Species 2 “higuey”) that differs from all congeners by the combination of having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) male dewlap dirty white with yellowish, greenish or orange suffusions, and with homogeneously distributed, upper portion of dewlap mostly covered by gorgetals with little free skin, and gorgetals reduced in size in central portion; (3) no dark gular streaks in males; (4) no patch of enlarged scales in nuchal region; (5) a double row of enlarged, keeled and non-mucronate vertebral scales; (6) usually two sublabial scales in contact with infralabials; (7) 166–212 scales around midbody in males; and (8) keeled scales on dorsal surfaces of upper forelimb and anterior surface of thigh.
Audantia higuey differs from A. armouri by having the upper portion of dewlap mostly covered by gorgetals with little free skin and gorgetals reduced in size in central portion (vs. moderately spaced gorgetals, and all scales medium-sized on posterior half of dewlap); and by having 166–212 scales around midbody in males (vs. 118–172). Audantia higuey differs from A. breslini and A. cybotes by having smooth ventrals (vs. keeled, some individuals of A. breslini and A. cybotes with smooth ventrals); and by having gorgetals reduced in size in central portion (vs. all scales large on posterior half of dewlap). Audantia higuey differs further from A. cybotes by lacking dark gular streaks (vs. present); and by having moderately enlarged, non-mucronate vertebral scales (vs. greatly enlarged, at least three times the size of adjacent scales, mucronate vertebral scales). Audantia higuey differs from A. doris by having yellowish or orange suffusions on male dewlap (vs. no suffusions, but with an orange blotch in center of dewlap); by having enlarged, non-mucronate vertebral scales (vs. greatly enlarged, at least three times the size of adjacent scales, mucronate vertebral scales); by having one or two well-defined pale longitudinal lateral stripes, usually edged with orange or olive-green (vs. such stripes absent); and by having homogeneously distributed gorgetals (vs. heterogeneously distributed gorgetals with groups of cluttered scales). Audantia higuey differs from A. longitibialis by having yellowish or orange suffusions on male dewlap (vs. no suffusions); and by only having the upper portion of dewlap mostly covered by gorgetals with little free skin, and scales reduced in size in central portion of dewlap (vs. all scales widely spaced and small on posterior half of dewlap). Audantia higuey differs from A. marcanoi and A. strahmi by having a dirty white male dewlap with yellowish or orange suffusions (vs. rose-red at the edge, more orangish anteriorly and posteriorly, but purplish or even bluish toward the center in A. marcanoi, and orange with paler center in A. strahmi). Audantia higuey differs further from A. marcanoi by having a double row of abruptly enlarged vertebral scales (vs. vertebral scales gradually enlarged, not forming a regular double row). Audantia higuey differs from A. hispaniolae by lacking dark gular streaks (vs. present); and by having homogeneously distributed gorgetals (vs. heterogeneously distributed with groups of cluttered scales). Audantia higuey differs from A. ravifaux by having keeled scales on dorsal surface of upper forelimb and anterior surface of thigh (vs. smooth); by having homogeneously distributed gorgetals and the upper portion of dewlap mostly covered by scales with little free skin (vs. heterogeneously distributed gorgetals with groups of cluttered scales, widely spaced); and by having one or two well-defined pale longitudinal lateral stripes, usually edged with orange or olive-green (vs. such stripes absent). Audantia higuey differs from A. shrevei and A. saxatilis by having smooth ventrals (vs. keeled); and by having one or two well-defined pale longitudinal lateral stripes, usually edged with orange or olive-green (vs. such stripes absent). Audantia higuey differs further from A. shrevei by lacking a patch of greatly enlarged scales in nuchal region (vs. such a patch present). Audantia higuey differs further from A. saxatilis by having the upper portion of dewlap mostly covered by gorgetals with little free skin and gorgetals reduced in size in central portion (vs. widely spaced, more scales uncovered than covered by gorgetals; aall scales small on posterior half of dewlap). For differences between A. higuey and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species. 
CommentSynonymy: previously called A. cybotes. See chresonymy in KÖHLER et al. 2019: 58. 
EtymologyThe species name (higuey) is a noun in apposition referring to the distribution of the species in eastern Hispaniola, the region of the former Taino kingdom of Higüey. 
References
  • Köhler, Gunther; Caroline Zimmer, Kathleen McGrath, and S. Blair Hedges 2019. A REVISION OF THE GENUS AUDANTIA OF HISPANIOLA WITH DESCRIPTION OF FOUR NEW SPECIES (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: DACTYLOIDAE). NOVITATES CARIBAEA 14: 1-104 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2020. Liste der im Jahr 2019 neubeschriebenen Reptilien. Elaphe 2020 (3): 44-67
 
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