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Anolis leucodera KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis leucodera KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 73
Anolis chlorocyanus — WILLIAMS 1965 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus — RAMOS & POWELL 2001b (in part.)
Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.) 
DistributionHaiti (Nord’Ouest), elevation 0-490 m.

Type locality: Môle Saint Nicolas (19.80583, -73.37556), near sea level, Département de Nord’Ouest, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype. SMF 98030, an adult male; collected 27 April 1997 by S. Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, and Felix Charles. Field tag number USNM FS (field series) 194567.
Paratypes. All from Département de Nord’Ouest, Haiti: USNM 558723 (genetic sample: KJ566833, EF531489), same collecting data as holotype; SMF 98173–74, USNM 558720–22), 9.1 mi NE Môle Saint Nicolas at Rivière Côtes de Fer (19.86173, -73.26586), 30 m, collected 26 April 1997 by S. Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, and Felix Charles; SMF 98175, Bombardopolis (19.69135, -73.34209), 490 m, collected 27 April 1997 by S. Blair Hedges and Richard Thomas; KU 251978, Môle Saint Nicolas (19.80569, -73.37619), collected 4 June 1979 by natives and given to Albert Schwartz. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 58 (Fig. 40).

Conservation. Given its presumably small geographic range and area of occupancy, highly degraded and fragmented habitats, and continuing threat of deforestation, we consider the conservation status of A. leucodera to be Critically Endangered based on criterion B1ab(iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN, 2012). 
EtymologyThe name leucodera is a composite noun in apposition derived from leukos (Greek for “white”) and dere (Greek for “neck, throat”) referring to the absence of black pigment on the dewlap typical for this species. 
  • Henderson, Robert W. & Robert Powell 2009. NATURAL HISTORY OF WEST INDIAN REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS. University Press of Florida, 576 pp.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12.
  • Ramos, Yanerys M. and Robert Powell. 2001. Anolis chlorocyanus Duméril and Bibron. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (728): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
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