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Anolis limifrons COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSlender Anole, Border Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Dracontura) limifrons COPE 1862: 178
Anolis trochilus COPE 1871: 215
Anolis pulchripes PETERS 1874: 739
Anolis limifrons - BOCOURT 1874
Anolis rodriguezii BOCOURT 1874
Anolis bransfordii COPE 1874: 67
Anolis limifrons — BOULENGER 1885: 49
Anolis bransfordii — BOULENGER 1885: 50
Anolis trochilus — BOULENGER 1885: 50
Anolis pulchripes — BOULENGER 1885: 53
Anolis godmani BOULENGER 1885: 85
Anolis limifrons — GÜNTHER 1885: 45
Anolis bransfordii — GÜNTHER 1885: 45
Anolis trochilus — GÜNTHER 1885: 45
Anolis godmani — GÜNTHER 1885: 51
Anolis Rivieri THOMINOT 1882
Anolis trochilus — COPE 1893
Anolis limifrons limifrons - STUART 1948: 49
Anolis biscutiger TAYLOR 1956: 81
Anolis godmani — TAYLOR 1956: 156
Anolis limifrons — ORTLEB & HEATWOLE 1965
Anolis limnifrons — MALNATE 1971: 358 (in error)
Anolis godmani - FITCH 1985
Norops godmani - SAVAGE 1986
Norops limifrons — KÖHLER 2000: 63
Norops limifrons — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis limifrons — COOPER 2005
Norops godmani — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops limifrons — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops limifrons — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 96 
DistributionGuatemala, Belize, El Salvador ?,
Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

Type locality: “Veragua”, New Granada, Panama.

bransfordi: Nicaragua, Machuca Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 7900–01
Holotype: ANSP 7804; Costa Rica, San Jose [trochilus]
Holotype: ANSP 7890 [bransfordi] 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Not listed by LINER 1994. Not listed for El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, and Mexico by KÖHLER (2000). Poe (2016) considers the diagnostic characters suggested by Köhler as insufficient to distinguish between A. limifrons and zeus.

Diagnosis.—A medium-sized species (snout–vent length [SVL] in largest specimen 43.5 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe, 2004) that is most similar in external morphology to a cluster of Central American species that are long-legged (longest toe of adpressed hindlimb reaches to mid-eye or beyond), have a single elongated prenasal scale, smooth to slightly keeled ventral scales, and slender habitus, often delicate (i.e., Anolis dollfusianus, A. ocelloscapularis, A. rodriguezii, A. yoroensis, A. zeus). Within this cluster of species, A. limifrons can be readily distinguished by male dewlap coloration (dull white with a small basal orange blotch in A. limifrons vs. uniformly dull white in A. zeus, and almost uniformly orange to orange-yellow in the remaining species. Additionally, A. limifrons differs from the species in this cluster by the following characteristics (condition for A. limifrons in parentheses): Anolis dollfusianus: ventrals weakly keeled (smooth). Anolis ocelloscapularis: An ocellated shoulder spot present (absent); ventrals weakly keeled (smooth); hemipenis bilobed (unilobed). Anolis rodriguezii: hemipenis bilobed (unilobed). Anolis yoroensis: ventrals weakly keeled (smooth) [from KÖHLER & SUNYER 2008].

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Andrews, Robin M. 1979. Evolution of life histories: A comparison of Anolis lizards from matched island and mainland habitats. Breviora (454): 1-51 - get paper here
  • Andrews, Robin M.;Stamps, Judy A. 1994. Temporal variation in sexual size dimorphism of Anolis limifrons in Panama. Copeia 1994 (3): 613-622 - get paper here
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1871. Ninth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 23: 200-224 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1874. Description of some species of reptiles obtained by Dr. John F. Bransford, Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, while attached to the Nicaraguan surveying Expedition in 1873. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 26: 64-72 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1893. Second addition to the knowledge of the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 31: 333-347 - get paper here
  • Crandell, Kristen E.; Anthony Herrel, Mahmood Sasa, Jonathan B. Losos, Kellar Autumn 2014. Stick or grip? Co-evolution of adhesive toepads and claws in Anolis lizards. Zoology 117 (6): 363-369 - get paper here
  • Diener, E. 2008. Freilandbeobachtungen an einigen Saumfingerarten (Anolis sensu lato) in Honduras. Iguana Rundschreiben 21 (2): 10-19
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  • Harrison, Alexis 2013. Size-Assortative Pairing and Social Monogamy in a Neotropical Lizard, Anolis limifrons (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Breviora (534): 1-9. - get paper here
  • HARRISON, ALEXIS; STEVEN POE 2012. Evolution of an ornament, the dewlap, in females of the lizard genus Anolis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106: 191–201 - get paper here
  • Henderson, C.L. 2010. Mammals, Amphibians, and Reptiles of Costa Rica - A field guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, 198 pp.
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  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
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  • Köhler, Gunther and Javier Sunyer 2008. TWO NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES FORMERLY REFERRED TO AS ANOLIS LIMIFRONS (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 64 (1): 92-108 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
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  • Malnate, Edmund V. 1971. A catalogue of primary types in the Herpetological Collections of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP). Proccedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 123 (9): 345-375 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • McCranie; James R.; Kirsten E. Nicholson; Gunther Köhler 2001. A new species of Norops (Squamata: Polychrotidae) from northwestern Honduras. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (4): 465-473 - get paper here
  • Mendenhall, Chase D.; Luke O. Frishkoff, Georgina Santos-Barrera, Jesús Pacheco, Eyobed Mesfun, Fernando Mendoza Quijano, Paul R. Ehrlich, Gerardo Ceballos, Gretchen C. Daily, and Robert M. Pringle 2014. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical reptiles and amphibians. Ecology 95:856–870, http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-2017.1 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, Kirsten E., James R. McCranie and Gunther Köhler 2000. Herpetofaunal expedition to Parque Nacional Patuca: a newly established park in Honduras. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 26-31. - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Carib. J. Sci. 5(3-4):141-147.
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  • Rovito, Sean Michael; Thomas James Devitt, Susan Cameron Devitt 2015. First survey of the amphibians and reptiles of the Nectandra Cloud Forest Reserve, Alajuela, Costa Rica. Check List 11 (2): 1570 - get paper here
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  • Sexton, O. J.;Heatwole, H. F.;Meseth, E. H. 1963. Seasonal population changes in the lizard, Anolis limifrons, in Panama. American Midland Naturalist 69 (2): 482-491 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
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  • Vences M., Franzen M., Flaschendräger A., Schmitt R. & Regös J. 1998. Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Nicaragua: kommentierte Artenliste der Reptilien. Salamandra 34 (1): 17-42 - get paper here
 
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