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Anolis lyra POE, VELASCO, MIYATA & WILLIAMS, 2009

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis lyra POE, VELASCO, MIYATA & WILLIAMS 2009
Norops lyra — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionC Colombia (Pacific lowlands), NW Ecuador

Type locality: Ecuador, Pichincha, Finca Victoria, 37 km SE of Santo Domingo. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 80955, adult female, 16 July 1964, F. Vuilleumier. 
CommentDiagnosis. Anolis lyra differs from all other South American Anolis except A. vittigerus in possessing a small red dewlap with a dark central spot in males and a lyre-shaped symbol in the occipital region (Fig. 8). Anolis lyra differs from A. vittigerus in possessing smaller middorsal scales (mean number of longitudinal scales in 5% SVL for A. lyra 5 8.5, A. vittigerus 5 5.8; P 5 0.006, MannWhitney U test), more scales between supraorbital semicircles (mean 5 2.3 in A. lyra, 0.6 in A. vittigerus; P 5 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test), and more scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles (x¯ 5 4.1 in A. lyra, 2.4 in A. vittigerus; P 5 0.001, MannWhitney U test; Fig. 10). Also, A. lyra tends to display much weaker lateral striping (i.e., broken lines only extending to the axillae versus broad stripes to groin in A. vittigerus) and a more prominent lyre-shaped posterior head marking (Fig. 8; absent to weak in A. vittigerus). In western Colombia, the only area in which both species can be expected to occur, A. lyra and A. vittigerus may be most easily separated by the condition of the supraorbital semicircles—in broad contact in A. vittigerus; usually separated by 2–3 scales in A. lyra.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyThis species is named for the lyre-shaped marking on the back of its head. 
References
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. http://www.tropicalherping.com - get paper here
  • Chun, Wesley 2010. Miscellaneous notes on some rare and unusual anoles. Anolis Newsletter VI: 14-22
  • Cortés Gómez, Angela María; Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Diana Marcela Torres Domínguez, Lina María García Calderón, Diego Fernando Villaquirán Martínez, Andrea del Pilar Cáceres Franco, Fernando Castro Herrera 2010. Guía de los anfibios y reptiles. Área en conservación de la microcuenca Quebrada Pericos. [Valle de Cauca, Colombia]. Corporación Autónoma Regional del Valle del Cauca, Santiago de Cali: CVC, 37 pp. - get paper here
  • HARRISON, ALEXIS; STEVEN POE 2012. Evolution of an ornament, the dewlap, in females of the lizard genus Anolis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106: 191–201 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, S.; Velasco, J.; Miyata, K. & Williams, E.E. 2009. Descriptions of two nomen nudum species of Anolis lizard from Northwestern South America. Breviora (516): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Rengifo M, Jhon Tailor; Fernando C. Herrera, Francisco J. Purroy 2014. Diversidad de una comunidad de Anolis (Iguania: Dactyloidae) en la selva pluvial central, departamento del Chocó, Colombia. Basic and Applied Herpetology 28: 51-63 - get paper here
  • Rengifo M., J. T., Castro Herrera, F. & Purroy Iraizos, F. J. 2015. Uso de hábitat y relaciones ecomorfológicas de un ensamble de Anolis (Lacertilia: Dactyloidae) en la región natural Chocoana, Colombia. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 31 (2): 159-172 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Vargas-S., F. & Bolanos-L., M.E. 1999. Presencia de reptiles en la región de Anchicayá, pacifico colombiano, a través de un gradiente de deforestación. Caldasia 21 (2): 235-238 - get paper here
  • Yánez-Muñoz, M. H.; J. C. Sánchez L., K. López, E. Rea S., P. A. Meza-Ramos, L. A. Oyagata C., P. Guerrero 2014. Ampliaciones del rango de distribución de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles en el suroccidente de Ecuador. Avances en Ciencias e Ingenierías 6 (1): B2-B5 - get paper here
 
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