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Anolis microlepidotus DAVIS, 1954

IUCN Red List - Anolis microlepidotus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Guerreran Oak Anole
S: Abaniquillo de Encino Guerrense 
SynonymAnolis microlepidotus DAVIS 1954: 4
Anolis forbesi SMITH & VAN GELDER 1955
Norops forbesi — LINER 1994
Norops microlepidotus — LINER 1994
Norops microlepidotus — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops forbesi — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis forbesorum — MICHELS & BAUER 2004
Anolis micropholidotus — POE 2004 (in error)
Anolis microlepidotus — LINER 2007
Anolis forbesi — LINER 2007
Anolis forbesi — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008: 42
Norops forbesi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops microlepidotus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis microlepidotus — KÖHLER et al. 2014 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)

Type locality: four miles west of Chilpancingo, 5800 feet, Guerrero, Mexico

forbesi: Mexico (Puebla); Type locality: 5 miles E. of Izúcar de Matamoros, Puebla, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: TCWC No. 10276, male; Paratypes. TCWC No. 10009, female, 4 mi. W Chilpancingo, 5800 ft.; UIMNH No. 20127, female, Chilpancingo.
Holotype: UIMNH 35553; L.T. Forbes; December 30, 1953 [forbesi] 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Synonymy: Köhler et al. 2014 synonymized A. forbesi with A. microlepidotus.

Diagnosis: A small species of Anolis that differs from all other Mexican and Central American congeners by the combination of having (1) keeled ventral scales; (2) small middorsal scales (22–40 dorsal scales in one head length; 65–84 dorsal scales between levels of axilla and groin); (3) hind legs relatively short (fourth toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to ear opening or to a point between ear opening and eye; ratio of shank length/SVL 0.22–0.25); (4) flank scales usually somewhat heterogeneous with enlarged scales scattered among small flank scales; (5) postcloacal scales in males moderately to greatly enlarged or not enlarged at all; (6) male dewlap dull orange yellow with paler semicircular streaks and blotches (Fig. 9). Among the Anolis species treated in this contribution, A. microlepidotus is most similar to A. nebulosus from which it differs in male dewlap coloration (dull orange yellow with paler semicircular streaks and blotches in A. microlepidotus vs. uniform orange or orange with a white anterior margin in A. nebulosus) and smaller dorsal scales (number of dorsal scales in one head length 32–48, mean 41.2, in A. microlepidotus vs. 26–38, mean 30.0, in A. nebulosus) (KÖHLER et al. 2014, but see additional diagnosis in Köhler et al. 2014: 56). 
EtymologyNamed after the small dorsal scales.

A. forbesi was named after Mr. and Mrs. Dyfrig McH. Forbes. 
References
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Davis, William B. 1954. Three new anoles from Mexico. Herpetologica 10 (1): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Fitch H S 1978. Two new anoles (Reptilia: Iguanidae) from Oaxaca with comments on other Mexican species. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (No. 20) 1978: 1-15
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A., and Gustavo Casas-Andreu. 2008. Standard Spanish, English and Scientific Names of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico. Herpetological Circular 38: 167 p.
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Michels, J.P. & A.M. Bauer 2004. Some corrections to the scientific names of amphibians and reptiles. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 52: 83–94 [2005] - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Van Gelder,R.G. 1955. New and noteworthy amphibians and reptiles from Sinaloa and Puebla, Mexico. Herpetologica 11: 145-149 - get paper here
 
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